William Röpke

William Röpke (* 10. October 1899 in Schwarmstedt with Hanover; † 12. February 1966 in Geneva) is considered as one of the most important mental fathers of the social free-market economy.

Table of contents

lives

William Röpke buildup in a liberal civil country doctor family. After the Abitur in Stade it began 1917 with the study of on the right of and political science in Goettingen, changed later to Tübingen, then to Marburg at the Lahn. There turnedit the study of the political economy too and attained a doctorate itself in the spring 1921 with honor. Subsequently, it stepped a place as an assistant at the state-scientific seminar with his doctor father Professor. Walter Troeltsch on. Roepke habilitierte itself 1922 as a private lecturer of the political economics at the University of Marburg andat the age of 24 years as a youngest German professor to the university Jena was appointed.

Followed the USA - a stay as a guest professor of the skirt skin he donation, the appointment to the University of Graz and 1929 a call to the Philipps university Marburg, where it until 1933 asFull professor of the political economics was active. As consequence of its warnings of the national socialists that became strip packing - member Röpke 1933 of its chair drove out. Under the pseudonym Ulrich Unfried it published writings against the totalitarian society and rule system of the NSDAP and went like others politically andreligiously pursued 1933 in the autumn in the exile in Turkey, where he taught at the University of Istanbul. There its most successful book “the science of the economy” developed, which became the theoretical basis of the later economics and socio-political publications of William Röpke. To the winter semester 1937/38Röpke changed to Geneva, in order to exercise an unusually fruitful activity there as a professor for international economic questi0ns.

teachings

right, custom, moral, standards - and value convictions are for the national economy professor crucial elements, for those not the market, but the politicalEven ones and the central bank concern to always carry have. With a “conformal” social to adjust economics - and financial policy, whose task is it to protect “beyond the market” weak ones interests rules to set and power limit, strives Röpke an economic system of the “economic human“on, which by it also” third way is called “. Röpke stands for a society and a policy, for which the keeping of the human rights is of highest importance. The so-called “individual principle” as important and elemantarer core of the free-market economy must from its view with onesocial and humanity principle in balance thought out to be held.

The handy sentence “the Gleichgewichtspreis vacates the market. ” comes, overallally economic the optimal satisfaction of requirements contained, from it. With his working belongs the liberal political economist, who publishes than 800 writings in over four decades of its work far moreand with his expert knowledge and his persuasive power political developments affected, certainly to that economists, who along-coined/shaped the development of postwar Germany as scientists and political advisors considerably. It was - so Ludwig Erhard - “in the best sense a Streiter for the highest valuesmankind ". Its life's work gives also for the economic and social questions today many trailblazing answers.

quotations

  • “Europe to centralize and it into a block merge, would be nothing else as a betrayal of Europe and of the European inheritance - inBetrayal, which was only aggravated by the fact that it is implemented in the name of Europe. “

works

  • the science of the economy, Berne, 1937
  • Gesellschaftskrisis of the present, Zurich, 1942
  • Civitas Humana. Basic questions of the society and restaurant reform, Zurich, 1944
  • international order,Zurich 1945
  • the other world of supply and demand, 1958; 5. Edition with head, Berne 1979, ISBN 3258028737

literature

see also

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