William Joyce alias lord Haw Haw (* 24. April 1906 in New York, NY; † 3. January 1946, in Wandsworth (executed)) a British fascist politician was and during the Second World War propaganda - a broadcast speaker of the national socialists.
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became British to 24. April of the yearly 1906 in New York as a child of irischstämmiger parents born. A few years after its birth its family returned to Galway/ Ireland , where it from 1915 to 1921 the pc. - Ignatius college visited. For Irish catholics unusually, those were Joyce convinced unionists. William Joyce stated later the Black and Tans to have been supported and therefore by the Irish Republican Army have been threatened. From fear of revenge the family Joyce pulled after the establishment of the Irish Free State to London. Here William Joyce at the Birkbeck college of the university of London applied later and for the entrance into the Officer training Corps. On the college Joyce developed his interest in fascism and joined British the Fascisti of Rotha Lintorn Orman .
1924, when he served of the conservative party with a meeting, it was attacked and suffered a deep cut with a razor-blade over its right cheek. It left a lasting scar from the Ohrläppchen to the Mundwinkel. Joyce was convinced that its aggressor had been a “ Jewish communist “. This incident coined/shaped its world view seriously.
“British union OF Fascists”
in the year 1932 it attached Oswald Mosleys British union OF Fascists , and ascended themselves rapidly to one their Wortführer, who was praised for its speech art. The journalist and novelist Cecil Robert describe a speech of William Joyce as follows:
Thinly, do not bleach and violently, it had yet many minutes spoken, as we already electrified were from this man,… like that dragging along in his dynamics, so offensive, from so corrosive sharpness.
1934 ascended Joyce to the propaganda-assigned the BUF and Mosleys deputy were later appointed. Beside its Reputation as highly gifted speakers, Joyce acquired himself also the call of a wild Krawallmachers. Its aggressive Rhetorik and its readiness to proceed physically and frontally against anti-fascist agitators did not play a small role to destroy the enthusiasm of the established layer in Great Britain for fascism.
After the debacle around the olympia application in June 1934, Joyce sat down to the point of the change of the BUF politics from economic revival to the Antisemitismus.
It contributed to change for 1936 the full name of the BUF in British union OF Fascists and national Socialists. 1937 he was candidate of the party for the elections to London County Council. After however Mosley briefly reduced the party leaderses of the BUF after the elections, whereby Joyce was dropped, he formed a fragment organization, the Socialist League national.
Differently than Joyce Mosley was never a proven Antisemit, but preferred it only using anti-Jewish feelings than expedient political tools. After 1937 its party turned from the Antisemitismus to anti-war activism. Although Joyce had been since 1933 deputy party chief of the BUF and a courageous fighter and influential speaker for the thing, Mosley denied him in its autobiography and prangerte it due to his activity during the war as a traitor on.
Joyce alias lord Haw Haw
as itself in the summer 1939 the situation on the European continent far zuspitzte, fled Joyce with his Mrs. Margaret to Germany. It had (possibly of Maxwell Knight of the MI5) one taps received that the British authorities it wanted to intern after the Defence regularization 18B. In Germany he found soon employment in Joseph Goebbels propaganda Ministry and became speaker of the program “Germany Calling”. It sent the entire war through of Hamburg , until the city was occupied by British troops. 1940 became Joyce by naturalization of Germans.
The name 'lord Haw Haw of Zeesen ' was coined/shaped 1939 by that aliases DAILY express - radio - critic Jonah bar ring clay/tone, referred at the beginning of however to wolf Mitler or possibly Norman Baillie Stewart. After Joyce had become the most well-known propaganda broadcast speaker, the pointed name turned into on him.
Although it was forbidden to hear its transmissions they became very popular in the British public. They began always with the words “Germany calling, Germany calling,” however due to Joyces nasaler discussion always sounded it like “Jairmany calling, Jairmany calling.” The transmission pushed the British people to the task and was admits for its high niches, sarkastischen and threatening intonation. Far far away from a collapse of the British moral they led only to the enlargement of annoyance or mockery across Joyce.
Joyces last transmission became to 30. April 1945 radiated. Audibly drunk it insulted Great Britain for its role with the forthcoming defeat of Germany and warned that the war would leave Britannien poor and unfruchtbar now. It closed with last stubborn “welfare Hitler. ”
Apart from its broadcast transmissions also the spreading of propaganda among the British prisoners of war , whom it tried to recruit for British the Free Corps, a branch of the weapon SS, belonged to Joyce obligations. In addition it wrote a book, Twilight over England, which was promoted by the German propaganda Ministry: A work, in which it drew a disadvantageous comparison between the evils of the allegedly Jewish-dominated capitalistic Britannien with the miracles of National Socialist Germany. Adolf Hitler distinguished Joyce for its transmission with the war Distinguished Service Cross of first and second class.
capture by the British and condemnation
With end of war the feverful search began after the man, who had become for the English public the hate figure. Joyce was seized by British units at the GermanDanish border in close proximity to Flensburg. During its arrest inadvertently in the leg shot, when one believed, it would draw a weapon to it. One regarded it first as German civilians, but its voice betrayed him, he was recognized and to Great Britain brought, where the process was made for it.
- William Joyce promoted and supported to 18. September 1939 and numerous other days between that 18. September 1939 and 29. May 1945 the enemies of the king by radiant emittance of propaganda to the subjects of the king in favor of the enemies of the king.
- William Joyce promoted and favoured the enemies of the king by aiming at the naturalization as German.
- William Joyce promoted and supported to 18. September 1939 and numerous other days between that 18. September 1939 and 2. July 1940 the enemies of the king by radiant emittance of propaganda to the subjects of the king in favor of the enemies of the king.
Joyce stated to his defense that its motives for the transmissions of patriotic nature had been: its goal would have been an anticommunist alliance between Germany and England.
While the negotiation of the charges Joyce' became US-American nationality discovered and it seemed that he would have had to be acquitted. Not due to innocence concerning the accusation the efforts of war of Germany to have supported but jurisdiction lacking: he could not be condemned to betray a country that his own was not. However argued prosecutor general Sir Hartley Shawcross successfully that Joyce possession of a British passport, even if he, in order to get him for it had lied to his nationality, him to British diplomatic protection in Germany had entitled and it owed for it the king loyalty. Due to this construction, Joyce, confirmed by the Court OF Appeal and the House OF lord, was condemned to death by the strand.
many people questioned the judgement: Since the transmissions on German soil were produced, the crown had at all no jurisdiction and was unable to protect Joyce. And if the crown did not protect or to protect it could), could it (one state that the argument that it the crown by the grant of protection owe loyalty, had been empty.
Beyond that the far-strewn feeling that however the details were, existed the punishment by far the crime outweighed. Joyce to exekutieren would incorporate it (under the conditions of the carried out punishment) into the same category of war criminals, as the responsible persons for the massacre of Manila or the KZ Auschwitz.
Despite these opinions Joyce was finally executed.
it stepped stubbornly and without regret under the Galgen: “In death as in the life. I defiance the Jew, who caused this last war, “was quoted it by the BBC, “and I defiance the forces of the darkness, which they represent. ”
At the 3. January 1946 was executed the judgement in the prison by Wandsworth by the Henker Albert Pierrepoint. Joyce was the next to last man, who was executed for another crime than murder in the united kingdom. The latter was Theodore Schurch, which was exekutiert on the next day in Pentonville.
In the history of the British criminal law this was the last case, in the high treason with the death penalty was punished.
the British crown considered, also its wife, Margaret Joyce, condemning. The actual motive, why no court hearing took place, is unclear. A simple explanation is that the status of their nationality was far more complex and would have been improbable a condemnation. Some consider it also possible that an amnesty in their thing was issued, approximately in a secret note. Margaret Joyce died 1972 in Soho/ London messages according to at alcohol abuse.
William Joyce had two daughters from an earlier connection: one of you, Heather Iandolo, expressed itself publicly to its father. Joyce was umgebettet 1976 on that new Cemetery in Bohermore , County Galway/ Ireland.
- Rebecca west: The Meaning OF Treason. Macmillan, London 1949
- William Cole: Lord Haw Haw and William Joyce. Faber and Faber, London 1964
- Francis Selwyn: Hitler's Englishman. Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd, London 1987
- Mary Kenny: Germany Calling - A personal biography OF William Joyce. New Iceland Books, Dublin 2003
- Nigel Farndale: Haw Haw: the tragedy OF William and Margaret Joyce. Macmillan, London 2005
- C. E. Bechhofer Robert (Hrsg.): The Trial OF William Joyce. Old Bailey Trials of series. Jarrolds, London 1946.
Web on the left of
- articles of the BBC (English)
- biography (English)
- information from Alex Softly (English)
- fascism and Judentum - first seeming 1933, reproduction of a lampoon of William Joyce for the BUF (English)
- The radio propaganda PAGE - contains audio files of William Joyce to the Download (English)
- Germany Calling! Germany Calling! The Influence OF lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) in Britain, 1939-1941 - a down-loadable thesis of Helen Newman of the Monash University (English)
- The Jewish Boy Who of SHOT lord Haw Haw - article of the Jerusalem report (21/2/05) memories of the GermanJewish refugee Geoffrey Perry (alias refuge Pinschewer), that to the capture of Joyce contributed
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||lord Haw Haw|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||British fascist politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||24. April 1906|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||New York, NY|
|DYING DATE||3. January 1946|