William Turner

of these articles treats the painter William Turner. For the Ornithologen and Botaniker of the same name see William Turner (Ornithologe).
Fischer auf See. 1796, Öl auf Leinwand
Fischer on lake. 1796, oil on canvas
Llanberris. 1800, Wasserfarbe
Llanberris. 1800, water color
Der St. Gotthardpass. 1804, Aquarell mit Auskratzungen
of the pc. God hard passport. 1804, water color with scraping out
Das Kriegsschiff Temeraire. 1838, Öl auf Leinwand
the warship Temeraire.1838, oil on canvas

Joseph mark lord William Turner (* 23. April 1775 in London; † 19. December 1851 in Chelsea, London) was a British painter and a prominent representative of the romance; it belongs to the largest English artists.Despite its unusually fast function it created unmistakable, great works. Ships and water were an inexhaustible source for its inspiration. In addition, dramatic nature scenes could inspire it lifelong. When it died 76-jährig, it left more than 20.000 to the English stateWorks. Its works energized some French artists of the later Impressionismus , than these fled during the war 1870 from Paris to London.

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Turners father was bar beer, his nut/mother daughter of a butcher. They lived in a dwelling in Maiden Lane, Covent guards. Over its nut/mother only few are well-known. When it was 25, it was in-supplied to the Bethlem hospital for spirit patient, where it then fourYears later died. To its father Turner had a very close relationship. The father recognized the talent of his son and promoted it by exhibition of the works in his bar beer business. Besides it taught Turner to be economical which itself laterfrequently in cheap clothes and thus schlampigem appearance noticeable made. For health reasons he had to spend a part of its childhood on the country, where he visited frequently his uncle.

Turner, which did not go through artistic training, learned fast, was autodidact and hada large talent. Already with 14 years he was scholarship holder of the Royal Academy (RA) and one year later (1790) it issued in the annual exhibition of the Acadamy its first water color. Both critics and promoters were inspired. Althoughit much attention enjoyed, remained it, its work methods locked, silent and occasionally also mürrisch guarded it jealous and its private life wrapped it in silence. After the admission into the school of the Royal Academy it undertook travels across Europe andby its homeland. It held the experienced in appropriate sketches, which were the bases for its water colors.

1796 it issued his first Ölgemälde (” Fischer on lake “) and became three years later extraordinary member of the Royal Acadamy. To thatTime enjoyed of Turner of already financial independence, so that it took off from its parents' house and in-rented themselves in the Harley Street. After an attendance with William Beckford (1799), one his promoter, was Turner of two works Claude Lorrainsthus it impresses that he wanted to paint immediately large historical pictures.

With 26 years Turner was taken up to the Royal Acadamy. It felt it as its homeland and called it” nut/mother “. In the same year it undertook its first journey onEuropean mainland. It traveled to France, in order to look at by Napoléon robbed and in the Louvre the issued pictures. Since 1804 was it so financialstrongly that it cultivated a gallery, in which it issued its own works at its house. Thisto date something unique was in the English world of art. Three years later he became a professor for perspective to the RA. In the meantime was Turner beside John Constable of one of the prominent English landscape painters. Many of its works became 1819 in two larger exhibitionsshown.

In the same year Turners was Italy journey of the trips for a radical turn in its work. Apparent Italy had absolutely impressed it - the southern light should not release it any longer. Within four months it created moreas 2000 pencil sketches of Rome and its environment. Again arrived at England, he began to represent its view of Kraft of the light. Fallow it its style abruptly, but did not draw it a clear separation between its order work and itsExperiments, in which its ideas unfolded full. Scarcely ten years later (1828) it drove again to Rome.

Over the death of its loved father (1829) he came by the attendance with one his promoter, lord Egremont, away. (Starting from 1833) Sophia Booth donated later private comfort to it. It remained up to Turners death at its side. Many of its most famous pictures developed in the last Lebensjahren. Turner pulled itself after the purchase of a house inChelsea over 70jährig from the social life back, also because its health worsened more and more. Its last picture, which sent Turner to the RA, was: ” The attendance at the grave “.

Its burying took place in the pc. Pauls cathedral, by willbequeathed it to the English state 300 oil pictures and nearly 20,000 designs and water colors. It asked to issue it in its own gallery. By the majority its works hang in would do Gallery.

After it the Turner Prize is designated.

Work on []


of works (selection)

  • Cleveland, Cleveland museum OF kind
fire of the Londoner of parliament (1835)
  • Indianapolis, Indianapolis museum OF kind
fifth troubles of Egypt (1800)
  • Kendal, Cumbria, Abbot resound to kind Gallery
of the pc. God hard passport (1804)
  • London, national Gallery
The warship Temeraire (1838)
snowstorm… (1842)
  • London, would do Gallery
Fischer on lake (1796)
to Buttermere Lake… (1798)
The avalanche (1810)
peace - funeral to sea (1842)

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