Willibrord

the holy Willibrord (* approx. 658 in Northumbria (England); † 7. November 739 in genuine after (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)) was an anglo-saxon Missionar, which based genuine after monastery. Often it is called “Apostel of the Friesen”.

Table of contents

career/development

after its education in the Benediktinerkloster Ripon, he occurred 678 the Irish Benediktinerkloster Rathmelsigi - it was to have lain in the proximity of the today's Mellifont -.

Together with eleven companions- under them Suitbert - it pulled in the year 690 after Friesland. Supported by the house Meier beep pin Willibrord could missionieren first in the Frankish controlled Fresia citerior (corresponds to the this-lateral Friesland up to the Lek and to unite areas southern of it). Starting point for the missionwas supposed Antwerp with from the Aquitanian mission bishop Amandus established Peter and Paulkirche.

historical context

in the 2. Half 7. Century probably formed the Maas running in east west direction the Frankish friesische border. Conquests beep pin of 690 did not supply meanwhile(again) an appropriation Utrechts. This made possible only a second Friesenfeldzug of the Karolingers in the year 695, which was perhaps caused by tensions between frankophilen groups of the friesischen aristocracy (Wursing) and Radbod and in the battle with Dorestad culminated. Perhaps from now on was Frieslandup to the Vlie Frankish, as not least working the Willibrord aid proves Adalbert in Egmond and the old limit function of the Vlie. And between beep pin and Radbod at least partial agreement in the future, which made the return possible of Christian friesischer emigrants, prevailed.

Friesenmission

now was also the way for Willibrord freely. In November 695 the Missionar was for the second time (after 692) in Rome and became there from Pope Sergius I. (687 - 701) geweiht to the traveler archbishop in gentem Frisonem - in accordance with the Roman-universalmissionaryBeginning of a Bekehrung of the entire friesischen people. (Metropolitan) the bishop seat of the kind of such justified, which Roman church subordinated friesischen church province was at this time perhaps already and surely in agreement with beep pin as Utrecht determines. In any case one has Willibrord briefly after 695/696 thatPlace as center of the new friesischen church organization assigned get.

From here from developed itself the church structures and the Christianity of far under the protection of the Frankish rule (settlement of homines Franci) and including the social elite, during outside of the sphere of influence of the house Meier the heidnischeFriesland of a Radbod further existence had.

The mission Willibrords was suddenly interrupted by death beep pin in the year 714. At that time it succeeded to Radbod under utilization of internal-Frankish confusions to back-conquer large parts of the Frankish controlled Frieslands. Only as itself - against the resistance of the Plektrud - Karl Martell (714 741) as house Meier and princeps to intersperse knew, succeeded the reconquest of the formerly Frankish Frieslands in the campaign of 722, which 733 and 734 further Friesenzüge and the expansion of the Frankish rule followed up to the Lauwers. The possibilities for the Missionierung were thus again given, mission and Christianisierung could be resumed after the years of the interruption by Willibrord and - strengthened - by its aids.

retreat after genuine after

Willibrord spent meanwhile ever more time in its monastery genuine after, which it 697/698 upBasis of a donation of the Irmina of Oeren had based and to which it assigned extensive possession - in Friesland , Thuringia and elsewhere - and where it also at the night of 6. to 7. November 739 deceased. In the choir area of its monastic church the Missionar became - in accordance withits will of 726 - buried and immediately in genuine after as holy admires. Formerly to the monastery genuine after due Willibrordi cathedral in Wesel was designated after it.

literature

  • ANGENENDT, A., the early Middle Ages. The abendländische Christianity from 400 to 900, Stuttgart 1990
  • thoseBiographies hl. Willibrord, Gregors of Utrecht, Liudgers and Willehads of Bremen, over. v. W. COTTON WOOL BROOK, G. GRANDAUR, M. LAURENT (= historical writer of the German Vorzeit. 2. Total expenditure, Bd.14), Leipzig 1896
  • FLASKAMP, F., the early Friesen and Saxonia mission from northumbrischer view. The certification of the Beda, in: AKG 51 (1969), S.183-209
  • FRITZ, W.H., Universalis gentium confessio. Formulas, carriers and ways of universalmissionary thinking in 7. Century, in: FMSt 3 (1969), S.78-130
  • PAD MOUNTAIN, L.E. OF, mission and Christianisierung. Forms and consequences with fishing rod Saxonia and Franconias in 7. and 8. Century,Stuttgart 1995
  • PAD MOUNTAIN, L.E. OF, the Christianisierung Europe in the Middle Ages (= RUB 17015), Stuttgart 1998
  • sheep EARTH INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONICAL COMMISSIon, K., questions of the anglo-saxon mainland mission, in: FMSt 28 (1994), S.172-195
  • WAMPACH, C, Willibrord. Its life and life's work, Luxembourg 1953

abbreviations

  • AKG = archives forCulture history
  • FMSt = earlymedieval studies

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