Winchester (rifle)

as Winchester rifle or Winchester is designated briefly colloquially a construction, which developed gradually for the late 1840er years in the United States. First characteristics of the later Winchester are in experimental models of the company Hunt&Jennings in Vermont.

On first attempts also Hinterlader - rifles and with early metal cartridges attentively become, began a young coworker of Hunt&Jennings, Benjamin Tyler Henry, with the construction of a new repeating rifle. Its characteristic characteristics are: A catch, that horizontal by one „Unterhebel “, i.e. the extended and trigger guard transformed to the Handschutz, forwardsand one moves backward; an external cock, which becomes by the catch movement depressed and strained (with simultaneous ejection of the shot Patronenhülse); a long, as integrated part of the run arranged magazine in form of a down open pipe, in which the cartridges lie one behind the other; a spoon-shaped lever,(coupled with the Unterhebel) perpendicularly raises the cartridge leader. The cartridge leader ejects at the same time the case of the shot cartridge. When closing the catch the supplied cartridge is pushed by the catch in the cartridge chamber and the weapon is firingready. The catch becomes by a knee jointlocked. This corresponds to that a peeping he pistol, breaks however downward.

Henry splining designated after their technical designer Henry came at present the American civil war on the market, existed as in the USA an enormous need of weapons and appropriate desire to invest. Several repeating systems reached at this timeReady for the market one, among them - beside the Henry - the well-known Spencer carbine. Above all troops of the union tested different systems during the war parallel, whereby Henry and Spencer finally interspersed themselves as the most suited systems.

Benjamin Tyler Henry was already 1861 a partnership with the textile manufacturer Olive Winchester received. Winchester was a by far better businessman than Henry and drove out the construction finally under its own name. By establishment of the Winchester Repeating of arm company the name Henry splining finally stepped into the background.

The Winchester model developed from the Henrygewehr 1866, 73 andhowever a completely closed tube magazine functioned to 76 equal as the Henry, had. It became soon the best seller and began its triumphant advance as more easily carbine and saddle rifle in the settlement of the west using stormily after the civil war. As military rifle the models were 66 and 73less suitably, there they - due to the comparatively light construction - no strong rifle cartridges fired. The model 1876 was an increased execution and fired stronger black powder cartridges. It was a hunting weapon and also by the Canadian mounted police was led. Only 1886 brought a weapon to Winchesterout, whatever digested late smokeless powder there John Moses Browning a new Unterhebelsystem had developed, which blocked the catch with a wedge instead of with the knee joint. 1895 submitted the Winchester Repeating of arm company finally a model, also a Browning development, which had a box magazineand thus also modern pointed cartridges to fire knew. The rifle was used as large game weapon, in addition, in large number to the Russian army sells, where it fired the same cartridge as the Mosin Nagant rifle.

The weakness of the Winchester was at the same time a strength, because fired usuallyit cartridges in the caliber of 44 - 40 WCF, which found also in the most common gun models of the wild west use (the single Action Army - also Peacemaker - by Colt, in this caliber he was called “Frontier Six Shooter”, the Remington, that new Model No. 3 of Smith & Wesson). The owner was like that able to use a cartridge sort in the rifle and its handgun. It concerned particularly the 32-20 WCF, 38-40 WCF and 44-40 WCF (WCF = Winchester Centre Fire).

Characteristic for the many typesfrom Unterhebelrepetierern, which brought Winchester for the 1860er years on the market, the designation is after the year of the introduction (Winchester 66, Winchester 73, Winchester 76 Winchester 86, Winchester 92, Winchester 94, Winchester 95 etc.). Co-operation with John Moses Browning began 1885, afterit had offered the company Winchester a einschüssiges repeating rifle, which as High barrier and Low barrier Mod. 1885 one produced.

Also the construction of the front shank repeating gun (the pump Action gun or pump Gun) decreases/goes back on Winchester and Browning. The Winchester 1897 became a considerable commercial success and ofthe U.S. Army still used in the world wars in the contactor ditches as so-called Trench Gun to close combat.

In both world wars Winchester in the order for government built also large quantities of foreign constructions for the military and established beyond that an important ammunition manufacturing.

Today the company Winchester produces above allhigh-quality hunting rifles (Repetierbüchsen and guns) in all usual configurations and calibers. As only, classical Winchester the Winchester 94 is built almost invariably - particularly in the hunt-suited caliber of,30-30 WCF -. Regularly Winchester brings high-quality equipped “Commemorative out “of models for collecting tanks, the mostly historical personalitiesor are dedicated to events: e.g. the Winchester 94 Bicentennial 1976 to 200. Anniversary of the declaration of independence. Besides Winchester drives ammunition for hunt and sport, fan article and various Acessoires out for hunters and sport contactors. Numerous other companies copy today classical Winchester models (including the Henry and the famous Winchester73) for lovers and for sporty shooting.

The most famous Winchester model of history was the Winchester 73. In the Western of the same name with the actor James Stewart is told history one of these rifles. In Germany „the Henry became connecting piece “first by the people writer Karl May admitsmade, which in its first novel of the Winnetou - row the meeting of its novel figure old Shatterhand with the technical designer of the weapon describes. At this time Karl May neither in America had been, nor he knew a Henry splining from own opinion. Accordingly fantasyful (and weapon-technology absurdly) fallsbecause also its description of the mechanism out; Benjamin Tyler Henry it transformed short hand into an old and easily chewing goats Eigenbrötler. Also with the choice of the place - pc. Louis - Karl May lay beside.

In February 2006 production was stopped.

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