|of these articles is concerned with the US Federal State Wisconsin. For the river of the same name see Wisconsin River.|
|flag||coat of arms/seal|
|pointed name:|| Statestate state|
America ′ s Dairyland
|rank (within the USA):||23|
|altogether:||169,790 km ²|
|country:||140,787 km ²|
|water (%):||28,006 km ² (17%)|
|rank (within the USA):||18|
|since:||29. May 1848|
|Time belt:||Cent ral: UTC-6/-5|
|degree of latitude:||42°30'N to 47°3'N|
|degree of longitude:||86°49'W to 92°54'W|
|highest situation:||595 m|
|average situation:||320 m|
|deepest situation:||177 m|
Wisconsin [wɪˈskɑːnsɪn] is since that 29. May 1848 of the 30. Federal State of the USA. Wisconsin borders in the north on the upper lake and Michigan, in the east on that Michigan lake, in the south at Illinois and in the west at Iowa and Minnesota. The name Wisconsin is the English version of the French adaptation of a indianischen expression with the meaning „the place, at which we live “.
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with its 5.472.299 inhabitants (2003) is located to Wisconsin in the number of the American Federal States at 18. Place.Surface-moderately assumes Wisconsin with 140,787 square kilometers rank 23 within the 50 US states. With German yardsticks measured Wisconsin is twice as large like Bavaria, has one half million inhabitant less than Hessen and is with 38,9 inhabitants per square kilometeronly half as closely settles as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, with whose ice-age coined/shaped landscape it possesses a certain similarity.
it gives approximately 15,000 lakes and large forest areas in Wisconsin, so that numerous tourists regularly from the region Chicago to the neighbour state lain north travel. Because of its intensively operated dairy farming the state carries „American dairy country “(America ′ s dairyland) for the name. The national inhabitants are called jokeful also Cheeseheads (cheese heads), so that the fans of the famous football team Green Bay of packman alsoPreference of hats in form of a triangular Emmentalers carry.
In Germany one became attentive on Wisconsin, because the hessian Prime Minister Roland cook the there social welfare assistance model Welfare ton of Work (work instead of social welfare assistance) also in this country publicised. This model goes on the former governorand present (2004) US minister of health Tommy Thompson back, which introduced 1997 the program „Wisconsin Works “(W-2) and so that strongly could reduce the number of the people on social security. Whether and how this concept can be converted also in Germany, is disputed. Of its populationand economic structure is hardly comparable to Wisconsin with German conditions ago. Only with the region Milwaukee gives it at all an urban area, in which social problems are seizable to considerable extent.
also historically seen gives itconfine purchases between Germany and Wisconsin. More than half of the inhabitants descends from German immigrants. City names such as Berlin, new Berlin, Kiel, new Holstein and Rhinelander point on the origin of the local founders. Particularly after the failed revolutionfrom 1848 it pulled many disappointed and pursued German democrats into this part of the USA, which had briefly before been released only for settlement. Also German in a revolutionary manner Carl Schurz was such Fortyeighter and lived some time in Wisconsin.His Mrs. Margarathe Meyer created 1856 in Watertown the first kindergarten of the USA.
Also the largest city of the Federal State, Milwaukee, was coined/shaped in its development strongly by German influences. According to data of Samuel Freemans The emigrant Handbook gave it1851 alone six German-language newspapers in the city, which carried the pointed name „German Athens “. Around 1880 27 per cent of the urban population was native Germans. An inheritance of the first immigrant generation existed in the pronounced public spirit of the citizens Milwaukees. The city applied insocial interests always as very progressive. 1910 became Emil Seidel the first socialist mayor of a larger city in the USA.
In culinary area the German immigrants likewise left their traces. The large breweries Pabst, slot and Miller carried Milwaukee thatCall of the American beer capital.Bratwürste and sauerkraut are this very day much like. Even the nearly Food chain McDonald's has Bratwürste in the offer, which only brats are usually called in Wisconsin. The First World War led however to it, the stress of the German traditionsto limit and the purchase to the old homeland strongly. Even sauerkraut was renamed occasionally in „Liberty Cabbage “.
as the first Europeans the area today's Wisconsin entered, lived there the indianischen trunks of the Winnebago, Chippewa, Menominne,Sioux and Fox. The first Europeans, who entered the soil of Wisconsin, were Frenchmen, who over the sinking Lorenz stream and the large seas into the north of the today's USA penetrated. In the year 1634 the French discoverer Jean Nicolet on that metSearch for a way to Asia in the bay of Green Bay on Winnebago Indians. The dominance of the Frenchmen was terminated 1763 with the contract of Paris. Following English control of the area lasted until 1812.
duringif long time the fur trade the most important source of income of the settlers was, the exploitation of lead mines led 19 to a first settlement wave at the beginning. Century. The miners received „Badger to the pointed names “(Dachse). Wisconsin today still applies until as „the Badger State “. Inthe building of railways accelerated further process of the century the exploitation of natural resources of the country. Above all the timber economy and the paper industry coined/shaped the north of the country later. Beside a strong immigration wave from Germany came in the second half19. Century also many settlers out, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland into the state. Swiss the cities created new Glarus and Monroe. In addition, from central and Eastern Europe many immigrants found the way after Milwaukee, so alsothe later Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meïr. 10% the inhabitant of Wisconsin descend from Poland or from Polish immigrants.
Wisconsin has however also strong industrielle a restaurant basis. Milwaukee became in the times of the new Deal and The Second World War too „of America tool crate “. The sanitary factory charcoal burner has its seat in Sheboygan, from Milwaukee comes beside the motorcycles of Harley-Davidson also the Rasenmäher of Briggs&Stratton and in Waterloo has the bicycle manufacturer Trek its head office.
as one thatthe politician and social reformer Robert apply for outstanding political personalities in the history of the state „Fightin ′ Bob “La Follette, at the beginning 20. Century to the governor selected was and later the US senate belonged. Attained rather doubtful call after thatEnd of the Second World War the senator Joe McCarthy originating from Wisconsin. Its communist hunt ended finally with the political defeat of the republican.
acquaintance personalities from Wisconsin
- Harry Houdini, Magier, Entfesselungskünstler
- Steve job, managing director by AppleComputer
- Liberace, entertainer, American synthesis of the arts
- Robert La Follette, governor, US senator
- Joe McCarthy, US senator and communist hunter
- Golda Meïr, Israeli Prime Minister
- Spencer Tracy, actors
- Ed Gein, series murderer
- Orson Welles, director and actor
- Frank Lloyd WRIGHT, Architect
- Eric Szmanda, actor (CSI)
- Danica Patrick, Rennfahrerin (Indy Racing League)
the German Land of the Federal Republic Hessen is for the 70's partner country of Wisconsin.
(inhabitant 1. July 2004)
- the University of Wisconsin (Madison)
- the University of Wisconsin (Milwaukee)
- Marquette university (Milwaukee)
- Milwaukee School OF engineering (Milwaukee)
- Carroll college (Waukesha)
- University of La Crosse (La Crosse)
- university of Wisconsin Stout (Menomonie)
- Lawrence University (Appleton)
Helmut Schmahl: Transplanted, but does not entwurzelt: The emigration from Hessen darmstadt (province Rhinehesse) to Wisconsin in 19. Century. Frankfurt/Main (and. A.) 2000
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