Worms

of these articles is concerned with the German city Worms, further meanings under Worms (term clarifying)
coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Worms Lage der Stadt Worms in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Rhineland-Palatinate
district: Circle-free city
regions: Rhinehesse
Rhine Neckar
inhabitant: 81.457 (31. October 2005)
Surface: 108.73 km ²
Population density: 749 inhabitants for each km ²
height: 86.5 m - 167.0 m and. NN
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 37 ' 55 " N, 8° 21 ' 55 " O
49° 37 ' 55 " N, 8° 21 ' 55 " O
postal zip codes: 67501-67551 (old: 6520)
Preselection: 06241,
06242, 06246, 06247
Kfz characteristics: WHERE
administration
Amtl. Municipality key: 07 3 19 000
city administration: Market place 2, 67547 Worms
Website: www.worms.de
tourism
tourist information: New market 14, 67547 Worms
Tel.: 06241/25045
politics
mayor: Michael Kissel(SPD)
Town councillor:
(Choice to 13. June 2004):
CDU: 39.9% - 21 seats (- 1)
SPD: 36.1% - 19 seats (- 4)
the Greens: 6.8% - 4 seats (+1)
FDP: 5.8% - 3 seats (+1)
Citizens' forum:
5.3% - 3 seats (+1)
FWG: 4.0% - 2 seats (+2)
other ones: 2.2% - 0 seats (=)

Worms (lat. Borbetomagus and/or. Civitas Vangionum; jidd. Vermayze and/or. װערמײַזע) is a circle-free city in the southeast Rhineland-Palatinate and is directly because of the western Rhine bank. It is a central center (with subfunction of an upper center) at the edge of the Metropolregion Rhine Neckar.

The city Worms created of the Celts as Borbetomagus argues with Cologne and Trier overthe title of the oldest city of Germany. It is meanwhile only German member in the Most Ancient European Towns network (working group of the oldest cities of Europe). Admits is Worms also as Nibelungenstadt, as Luther city and for its cathedral, to thatbeside those of Mainz and Speyer one of the three Roman emperor cathedrals is.

Table of contents

Geografie

Geographical situation

of Worms is appropriate for the western Rhine side in the Rhine level between Mainz and Ludwigshafen on the left . In the northern city the Pfrimm flows into the Rhine, which becomes southern quarters flowed through by the ice brook (here also old brook called).

In the southwest,15 km far away, are the Ausläufer of the Pfälzer of forest, in the west the hill landscape of the Wonnegaus, on the right Rhine side follow the level the hessian part of the desert forest .

To the catchment area of Worms the Wonnegau, those belongnorthern Vorderpfalz and the southhessian Ried. Worms is considered as link between the compression chambers Rhine Neckar (in the south) and the Rhine Main area (in the north).

climate

Worms is one of the driest places of Germany. The amount of precipitation is about so highly howof Jerusalem.

politics

Das Wormser Rathaus
the Wormser city hall

coat of arms

the earliest well-known city seal show the holy Petrus, patron of the Wormser of cathedral, with its pickling oaks, in an architecture frame the key. Around 1500 that changedAdvice of the city coat of arms and seal, it showed from now on a silver key on red reason. Since an town councillor resolution of 1890 the coat of arms is provided in addition with a five-pointed star.

population

unfortunately governs in-breeding in Wommsch´die as inKaiserslautern 40% the Wormser are not Evangelist, 30% Roman catholic, 8% belong to other religious communities, 18% of a religious community (5%: no data).

Inhabitant (in each case to 31. December)

city arrangement

the 13 eingemeindeten quarters puts with large its value on the preservation of their typical character. Quarter-referred wine celebrations find z. B. in the Herrnsheimer lock yard of the earlierPrince of Dalberg or at the medieval Stadtmauern of Pfeddersheim instead of.

Wormser of quarters
(conditions of the numbers of inhabitants: 31. December 2003)
Quarter inhabitant situation to the city centre
Abenheim 2.744 outside in the northwest (10 km)
Heppenheim 2.073 outside in the southwest (9 km)
gentleman Mr. 6.368 in the north of the city (5 km)
high home 3.823 northwest the center
Horchheim 4.770 in the southwest of the city (4.5 km)
Ibersheim 692 outside in the north (13 km)
Leiselheim 1.983 outside in the west (4 km)
Neuhausen 10.633 north the center
Pfeddersheim 7.414 outside in the west (7 km)
whistle lying home 3.668 west the center
Rheindürkheim 3.021 outside in the north (8 km)
wine home 2.800 in the southwest of the city (4 km)
Wiesoppenheim 1.796 outside in the southwest (5.5 km)

partnerships between cities

coats of arms of the twin cities

To six cities the city Worms maintains friendly contacts:

  • Sp Albans, England (since 1957)
  • Auxerre, Département Yonne, France (since 1968)
  • Parma, Italy (since 1984)
  • Tiberias, Israel (since 1986)
  • Bautzen, Free State Saxonia, Germany (since 1990)
  • Mobile ones, State OF Alabama, the USA (since 1998, first connections since 1976)

to it come in the context of the Rhineland-Palatinian connections to Rwanda friendly relations with Kivumu.

The Wormser quarter Pfeddersheim maintains its own partnership to Nolay, the quarters Heppenheimto Ampilly le second, both in the Département Côte d'Or, France

list of the mayors

  • William Küchler (1882-1898)
  • Heinrich charcoal burner, DVP (1910-1924)
  • William Rahn, DVP (1924-1933)
  • Otto Schwebel, NSDAP (1933-1934, kommissarisch)
  • Heinrich Bartholomäus, NSDAP (1934-1945)
  • Dr. Ernst Kilb, SPD (1945-1946)
  • Christian hitting a corner ore, non-party (1946-1949)
  • Heinrich of peoples, SPD (1949-1967)
  • Günter cow foot, SPD (1967-1977)
  • William Neuss, CDU (1977-1987)
  • Gernot Fischer, SPD (1987-2003)
  • Michael Kissel, SPD (since 2003)

history

town foundation to 9. Century

the city became for the first timein the Jungsteinzeit (Neolithikum) approximately around 5000 v. Chr. from field farmers and cattle breeders settles.

On the inconspicuous hill eagle mountain on the Rhine in the south of Worms from 1896 to 1951 altogether 25 graves from different times were discovered. From it comeafter today's knowledge of eight graves of the eagle mountain culture (about 2300/2200 1800 v. Chr.) from the early bronze time. Around the study of these finds the Wormser made itself physician Karl Koehl earned, on that the term eagle mountain culture decreases/goes back (Lit.: ErnstRehearse 1996, S. 78 ).

The oldest delivered place name is celtic origin and read Borbetomagus (country boron-pray). The Romans called in 3./4. Century far expenditure-maturing city range after that here since the first after-Christian century residentTrunk of the Vangionen Civitas Vangionum. “Vangionen” still called themselves the Wormser in 16. Century. From this designation also the name cheek gau for the environment is derived from Worms, then from the vernacular into the more understandable Wonnegau one converted. Worms is called the city since that 6./7. Century, in latin form Wormatia.

9. Century until today

in 9. Century made emperors Karl the large Worms its winter seat. 829 and 926 took place realm days of the east Franconia realm in Worms. 1074 attained the city the exemption from duty. 1122 were locked here the Wormser concordat. 1495 took place among emperors Maximilian again a Reichstag, on which the realm tax was introduced. 1521 defended Martin Luther opposite emperor Karl V. its in joke mountain published theses. 1689 became the city in the Pfälzi succession war by troops king Ludwig XIV. destroyed. From 1792 to 1814 Worms belonged to France, since 1816 to the Grand Duchy of Hessen.

Throughtwo allied bomb attacks to 21. February and 18. March 1945 was nearly completely destroyed the city. The British air raid of 21. February 1945 aimed at the main station and those which was because of the edge of the city center southwest the city centre convenient chemistry factories, destroyedin addition, widens parts of the city centre. The attack took place with 334 airplanes, these threw off within fewer minutes 1100 tons of bombs over the city center. In fire thereby also the Wormser cathedral was set. By the attacks 239 inhabitants became thatCity killed, 35,000 inhabitants (60.34% of the total population from at that time 58,000) became shelterless. Altogether 6,490 buildings were very heavily damaged or destroyed completely. The city center was again developed after the war in to a large extent modern style.

Former hessian province the Rhinehesse became 1946 a governmental district of the again-created Land of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate. From 1968 to the dissolution of the Rhineland-Palatinian governmental districts 2000 Worms belonged to the folded up governmental district Rhinehesse-Palatinate .

culture and objects of interest

of buildings

Gerechtigkeitsbrunnen am Rathaus
justice wells at the city hall
Wormser water tower
Luther - and the Ludwig monument on a postcard of 1902
  • cathedral pc. Peter
  • Jewish cemetery holy sand (oldest received Jewish cemetery in Europe, since 1076)
  • dear woman Mrs.
  • Pauluskirche and Dominikanerkloster
  • March in church
  • Magnuskirche
  • Andreas church with Andreas pin (city museum)
  • Dreifaltigkeitskirche (market church)
  • Luther church (art nouveau)
  • Ludwig monument
  • Luther monument
  • synagog (for the first time 1034 mentioned) and Raschi house (Talmudschule)
  • Nibelungenmuseum in the Stadtmauer
  • Rhine bridge with Nibelungenturm
  • large Fischer pasture (one of the oldest road courses)
  • partly received Stadtmauer

of Naturdenkmäler and/or. Park

in Worms and/or. to thatOutskirts of a town there are these Naturdenkmäler, parks and Flussauen:

  • Albert training park - park directly north the city centre
  • citizen pasture Worms - flood area and/or. Flussaue südöstlich des Tiergartens
  • Herrnsheimer Schlosspark - Park in Worms-Herrnsheim
  • Karl-Bittel-Park (Pfimmpark) - zwischen den StadtteilenWhistle lying home and high home
  • shower pool - flood area and/or. Flussaue southeast the citizen pasture Worms
  • city park - southeast the city centre
  • zoo - southeast the city park

sport

  • VfR Wormatia Worms 08: The soccer association was six times southwest master and is initial member that 2. Federal league.
  • Turn municipality Worms: based 1846, large Sportverein in Rhineland-Palatinate with offers in numerous kinds of sport
  • a Rugby club Worms: 1999 were created after 90 years for the first time Rugbyverein (with historical name) in Worms.
  • Sports association Worms 1878registered association: The Wormser chess association of 1878 registered association. the member-strongest association is in Rhineland-Palatinate and participates with altogether eighteen crews at the play enterprise.
  • 1. Wormser swimming club Poseidon e. V.: The 1. WSC Poseidon is also over 2000 members the second largest associationin Worms and Rhinehesse. Beside a large swimming department with active ones in the youth and master range the association is active also in the Wasserball and Triathlon.
  • HSG Worms - www.HSG-WORMS.de

regular meetings

  • Wormser baking fish celebration, largest wine and people celebration toThe närrischen sides from politics
  • and society show Rhine, with annual fixed removal Wormser Fastnacht, several nearly at night associations with political lectures and Kokolores the public: Wormser Narrhalla, Wormser song ring 1875 registered association. and Wormser Carnevalverein.
  • Wormser Nibelungenfestspiele, Theaterfestival alsodifferent productions of the Nibelungenliedes (since 2002)
  • Jazz'n'Joy, annual three-day-long jazz festival with five stages approximatelyaround the cathedral
  • view axle, large open air art exhibition in the Herrnsheimer lock park, every three years, next view axle of 15. - 18. June 2006
  • Wormser skirt night, annually taking place skirt night with volume from Worms and environment

economics and infrastructure

work on []

Economic structure

in Worms gives it 2,100 enterprises with 26.600 coworkers (conditions June 2001). The number of the a commuters from the surrounding countryside corresponds to a portion of 45% per cent of the Wormser persons employed.

In the producing trade there is chemical industry in Worms and plastic production, metal production and mechanical engineering, production of EDP devices and optics as well as wood processing industry. Leather industry meaning in former times plays however today no more role.

Service and trade register one strong growth in the past years. Straight one in thatDue to the good verkehrlichen situation numerous enterprises again settled logistics industry.

The traditional viticulture into and around Worms is internationally well-known by the Wormser dear woman milk. Besides one is the largest Mälzereien Europe in Worms.

job market

Unemployment in the city Worms was appropriate for at the end of of June 2005 with 11,2% more highly than in the remaining Rhinehesse, moves however regularly in the Federal average. 45% of the busy inhabitants of Worms oscillate into the surrounding marketing areas out, in particular to Ludwigshafen and Mannheim, in addition, to Mainz and in Frankfurt area.

altogether

1018 beds are to tourism for the tourism at the disposal in 22 hotels and hotels. In addition there is a youth guesthouse (opposite the cathedral), a group lodgingin the Nibelungenturm as well as a Campingstation on the Rhine.

2004 was counted scarcely 60,000 guests (under it round 7,500 foreigners), on the average two nights in Worms spent.

traffic

traffic

Worms is because of the linksrheinischen motorway A 61 and the federal highway B 9 vierspurig removed toward the south, over which also a fast connection to the motorway A 6 exists. By the building of a second Rhine bridge (commencement of construction February 2005) in the course of B Worms receives 47in addition a vierspurige binding to south Hessen and to the rechtsrheinischen motorways A 5 and A 67.

railway

Worms is to Ludwigshafen/Mannheim because of the linksrheinischen main route Mainz -. Apart from the close regional traffic also individual long-distance trains hold. Worms is in addition a terminator point of the Rhinehesse course (after Alzey), the Nibelungenbahn (to Bensheim) and the Riedbahn (to Frankfurt).

rapid-transit railway

for the year 2010 is planned a binding of Worms to the net of the rapid-transit railway Rhine Neckar. Thosenew rapid-transit railway line will run from Mannheim over Ludwigshafen and Frankenthal to Worms and to Mainz be through-bound. For this a rapid-transit railway yard Worms south is to again develop.

ÖPNV

the entire city is served of 10 city bus and of 3 late bus lines. Those Wormser streetcar is shut down since 1956. Details see suburban traffic in Worms.

in addition ship and

air traffic Worms possess an important Rhine harbour as well as a regional airfield (I.C.A.O. code: EDFV).

infrastructural large-scale projects

beside the traffic projects second Nibelungenbrücke andthe rapid-transit railway binding becomes starting from 2007 a new “culture and conference center” on the area city. Play and fixed house built.

education

professional school Worms in the former police barracks
  • professional school Worms
  • ZTT center for transfer of technology and telecommunications
  • education center Worms (BIZ)
  • People's highschool Worms
  • three High Schools
  • several professional training schools
  • youth school of music of the city Worms (JMS)

media

as daily paper the Wormser newspaper appears as expenditure for regional of the Mainzer general newspaper. Further the free indicator newspapers become Nibelungen courier and Wormser weekly paper (for each 2xweekly) to all Wormser distributes households. The city magazine appears monthly WHERE!. A further institution is the open channel Worms, the most well-known transmission is probably the Wormser on Mondays magazine, which due to its long existence and its lastingness often with the open one Channel is identified.

personalities

honour citizens and carrier the honour ring

  • Cornelius baron von Heyl (1843-1923), Wormser of Industrieller and Mäzen
  • Karl excavator bucket (1909-2006), Wormser of Industrieller and founder (Karl excavator bucket donation)
  • William Küchler (1846-1900), Wormser mayor andhessian Minister of Finance
  • Friedrich William of beautiful (1849-1941), Wormser of Industrieller and initiator of the fixed house
  • Peter Joseph Valckenberg (1764-1837), Wormser wine merchant and mayor
  • Heinrich peoples (- 1975), Wormser mayor at times of the reconstruction
  • Erich mash thing (1995 -), Wormser entrepreneur and Mäzen
work on []

Sons and daughters of the city

further personalities

  • Eleasar Juda ( † around 1230) ben, Jewish Mystiker
  • Karl Koehl (1847-1929), physician and Prähistoriker
  • Martin Luther (1483-1546), Reformator, stood in Worms before emperors and church
  • Raschi (rabbi Schlomo Jizchak ben, 1040-1105), Talmudkommentator,studied teacher,
  • painter, press draughtsmen Herta Mansbacher († 1945) in
  • Worms Emil Stumpp (1886-1941), Jewish teacher in and from Worms
  • Johann Nikolaus Götz, poet and evang. Minister

literature

  • history of the city Worms.Hrsg. in general. the city Wormsof Gerold Bönnen. Theiss, Stuttgart 2005.ISBN 3-8062-1679-7.
  • Ernst rehearses: Germany in the Bronzezeit. Bertelsmann, Munich 1996, S. 78. ISBN 3570022374

Web on the left of

Commons: Worms - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

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