Word Atlas of the continental-Germanic winegrower terminology

the word Atlas of the continental-Germanic winegrower terminology (WKW) is an interdisciplinary and international speaking and special Atlas of the traditional European winegrower language of German language. It documents, the old-delivered wine farmer culture of German-language areas understood by social, technical and political change in paging.

In the follow-on project dictionary of the German winegrower language the raised materials are lexicographical regenerated.

The Atlas compiled at Institut for historical regional studies at the University of Mainz and financed of the academy of the sciences and the literature to Mainz

table of contents


the Atlas been based on a question book from 400 questions to terminology and for the special culture of the traditional, rural wine farmer work. The question book is differentiated very much and refers all important ranges from the Botanik the vine up to the finished wine in.

language collection

in work of many years in 14 states of Europe (until 1985 from 420 places) nearly 1,000 winegrowers were asked and their statements on tape were held. The collection area falls on (z. T. former) German-language areas of Europe in east and West Germany, France, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, South Tyrol, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, in Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, Hungary, Romania. Speak and sachkundlichen collections for the Atlas extended from Ahr, Mosel and Saar into the Walliser the alps, of the new citizen lake (Switzerland) over the castle country into the Banat (Hungary) and from the Karpatenbogen (Romania) up to the Krim after Transkaukasien (low-read). The northernmost Weinbaugebiet, in former times German language, was with green mountain in Schlesien, where admits sour wine grew.

The inquiry method practiced was in principle directly (Mitschnitt on tape with simultaneous phonetic Transkription of the answers) and the Exploratoren after different Transkriptionssystemen was made. Usually the exploration place was identical to the work and residence of the informant. The extent of the questionnaire was measured in such a way that a questioning could be accomplished in the context of a daily.

This ideal photograph constellation was present also with the Direktaufnahmen in the GDR, in Hungary and Romania. It was not possible however with the photographs, which the local points in Poland, which Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union concerned. Here the informants at their current domicile in the west had to be visited and asked.

The photographs took place in three phases:

  • Primary photographs: locally noted, bimediale photographs by several Exploratorinnen and Exploratoren (420 places)
  • secondary photographs: Auxiliary materials and additional support to the fixed local area network (75 photographs)
  • Tertiary period photographs: Materials from the Pretestphase; these not into the maps of the WKW were registered to topic tables, appear however in the legend of the maps (29 additional places)

question book

the final question book, with starting from admission No. 44 one worked, consists of altogether 30 sides and is divided into two parts.

  • Part I: Questions to the collection place (15 questions), questions to the guarantee person (16 questions), data for the admission and for documentation
  • part of II: 398 questions to the viticulture, which are subdivided into eight sections:
    • 1-35 the Weinstock and its parts
    • of 36-58 the grape/cluster
    • 59-85 the vineyard
    • 86-203 humans and its work in the vineyard forwards after the vintage
    • 204-296 wine vintage and Mostbereitung
    • 297-378 wine and wine treatment
    • 379-393 wine benefit
    • 394-398 winegrower customs, winegrower rules


  • establishment of project 1979
  • collections 1981 - 1986
  • publication: 1990 - 1996
  • conclusion 1996


the enterprise are in the meantime final. With the Atlas it concerns a large sized supply work. Special and language comments are attached. Were published 1990 - 1996 three volumes:

  • Introduction volume
  • map
  • comment volume

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