|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Lower Saxony|
|geographical situation:|| 53° 18 ' n. B.|
10° 9 ' o. L.
|Height:||22 m and. NN|
|surface:||8.42 km ²|
(31. December 2003)
|Population density:||188 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:|| 21445|
|municipality key:||03 3 53 042|
|address of the local administration:||Training race 43|
|Bürgermeisterin:||Katrin Kumm (CDU)|
Wulfsen is a municipality approx. 30 km south of Hamburg.
Table of contents
of the Bronzezeit placing six hill graves at the long mountain certification. An urn cemetery behind the old school and a stove place in the gravel pit at the Rüschweg refer to the settlement in the Eisenzeit . The valley of the Aubaches was obviously very settlement friendly for the established field farmers and cattle breeders.
The excavation of 642 lateSaxonian graves and three horse graves from the time of 700 - 900 n. Chr. northeast the village it made finally clear that this area was possibly continuous settled. It was the time of the Christianisierung by Franconias. The heaths were buried in north-south direction, the Christians in east-west direction. The straight horse graves let assume that the today's village Wulfsen within the range of the earlier settlement was put on.
In the venerable monastery Corvey, 822 put on by the Saxonia as Gegenkloster to the Frankish Fulda, is the first documentary mention: Uuulfheristorpe, Nianthorpe and Pathihusen call the Corveyer annals, with which except Wulfsen also Nindorf at the forest and Pattensen might be meant. After the departure of the Langobarden around 350 this place in the first Saxonian settlement course could have gotten its name. Whether a Lokator was like the legendary “knight Wulf “the name giver, must remain unsettled. The name of the village changed itself in the course of the years from Wulfheristorpe to Wulferslo and emerges in the Landbederegister of 1450 as Wulfersen.
Starting from 19. April 1945 was Wulfsen English occupied. By the integration of the refugees the up to then purely agriculturally coined/shaped structure of the place changed completely. To 8. August 1946 was used a local council, to 28. November 1947 was selected freely and democratically. At the 1. July 1972 became Wulfsen member municipality of the integrated municipality salt living.
|until 1180< /TD>||Duchy Saxonia< /TD>< /TR>|
|until 1705< /TD>||Principality of Braunschweig Lueneburg< /TD>< /TR>|
|1714 - 1800< /TD>||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|1800 - 1815< /TD>||Commune Wulfsen in the canton Pattensen of the district Lueneburg in the Empire of France (briefly also Kingdom of Westphalia (Jerome)< /TD>< /TR>|
|1815 - 1866< /TD>||Kingdom of Hanover< /TD>< /TR>|
|1866 - 1918< /TD>||Kingdom of Prussia (starting from 1871 in the Dt. Empire of)< /TD>< /TR>|
|1918 - 1933< /TD>||Weimar Republic< /TD>< /TR>|
|1933 - 1945< /TD>||Third realm< /TD>< /TR>|
|1945 -1947< /TD>||Two-zone administration (English crew)< /TD>< /TR>|
|starting from 1947< /TD>||Lower Saxony< /TD>< /TR>|
|starting from 1949< /TD>||Federal Republic of Germany< /TD>< /TR>|
long time might have had Wulfsen 14 old places, the mill and some Hirtenwohnungen. To that originally seven hooves (yards), whose areas of arable land laboriously from forest and already at that time existing heath to be gerodet had, were added around 950 the early Köthner (house numbers 8 - 14) as village craftsmen and supplementary income farmers. Outside of the actual farmer village the Auemühle (NR 19) lay, which possibly formed its own village with three later Garstedter yards.
Since the Christianisierung around 800 by conquering Franconias the field farmers forced from the liberty into the Hörigkeit (hereditary tenant) had and cattle breeders, who were however never body-own, whom deliver tenth part of all vegetable and animal products to the church. The churches became after the Missionierung by monks of the monastery Amorbach in the desert forest of 784 - 804 established by the principal place Bardowick in the distance from approximately 18 km (bell sound width and daily travel) at long-known places - with framework and straw roof.
Most yards been subordinate since 849 the diocese Verden, which gave the tenth between 1167 and 1180 of the church created in the new break of the Elbe to Kirchwerder. Only 1892 were replaced this annoying obligation by a high cash payment the village shank. The sayful excessive quantity, according to which the Wulfsener gave to the minister of Kirchwerder from gratitude tenth, because he was as only ready, the plague-dead to auszusegnen, does not leave themselves not to occupy.
Those today only little used and in their emergence usually unknown yard name the places around 1600 were given.
1946 lived 965 inhabitants in 165 dwellings, on it more than one third of refugees and evacuated.
1995 had Wulfsen of 427 cultivated properties and 1368 inhabitants.
Wulfsen and Bahlburg had long time together a teacher, who became rumgespeist “in the row” often. Only since 1799 there is a village school.
An increasing of the population forced to school new buildings. 1876 were replaced the old building in the village route 18. one established a new building in the training race to 1938. 1964 were furnished on Garstedter area the center school, these were extended 1967 and received 1986 one sport-resounded.
before technology-well-informed monks the mill architecture in Germany admits of Quernen (hand mills) made, gave it only. To the fast-flowing Luhe and Wassermühlen with usually unterschlächtigem water wheel developed for their tributaries. Also the Wassermühle in Wulfsen at the Aubauch has a unterschlächtiges water wheel.
1305 become a Henricus Molendinus (Heinrich Mueller) from Wulfsen mill citizen of the Hanseatic city Lueneburg. Probably there was already before Mueller in Wulfsen, but the surnames developed only at this time.
Because erstarkende territorial power demanded taxes, are starting from 1450 Mueller of the Wulfsener in the Landbederegister in particular specified mill.
In the year 1542, when the prince of Lueneburg had leaned the mill as an upper property gentleman to a Lüneburger Salzjunker, Lüdeke Tamken was a lease Mueller. While it stayed on its second mill in Bendestorf, Dietrich Schröder from large Klecken “Müller and its Deern” erwürgte. Since he did not find the hoped for booty on the high edge, he through-rooted crates and box (cabinets and chests) and was finally the mill and the Brinksitz belonging to it into fire.
The strict laws in accordance with the time, he was good-naturedly asked for it on the regional court to Pattensen “and carried embarrassingly cross-examined” and on unanimous resolution of the circumstance “by the strand from the life to death”. For deterrence all adults had to attend inhabitants of the court range of the enforcement by the Winsener executioner on the Pattensener Galgenberg. The corpse remained hanging on the Galgen, so that also the travelers on that were reminded closely thereby running army route.
In early 17. Century were there active Mueller Möller and used also the rights of the Bahlburger mill, which had been destroyed in the dreissigjährigen war.
Around 1690 Heinrich Vick mill tenant was to Wulfsen, Bahlburg and Winsen/Luhe.
Starting from 1698 the Winsener Mueller family boy over four generations sat as a mill tenant on the Auemühle. 1815 was replaced the centuries-old deliveries (Prästanda) from from the Luhmühle coming son-in-law Maack, and he became an inheriting interest Mueller. Its earliest ancestor, who came 1321 as Mueller on the Ashäuser mill, had his name of the place of origin Marclevessen (Marxen). Maacks direct inheriting were then over further four generations to 1959 owners of the mill.
First on the only mill work flour and pellet husbands, then barley and Grütze peeled, were struck oil, rammed Lohe and gebokt Foilz. Later a second course was inserted and finally attached 1895 a sawmill. Starting from 1909 with a generator for the village river was produced. 1939 were attached on Wulfsen net of the cross-country works north Hanover (today EWE).
The electricity promoted the plant of private pellet mills on the larger yards. With the Gewerbefrreiheit fell also the mill obligation. Thus all around many windmills developed: Ohlendorf, Brackel, seaweed village, Garlstorf, Eyendorf. In the 60's it came then to „the mill dying “and also the Wulfsener mill became unemployed.
river bead fishery
interesting is the fact that Wulfsen beside Toppenstedt and soil pond belonged with Uelzen to the three places in the Lüneburger heath, in which an important river bead fishery was operated. In the Naturkundlichen chronicle of Northwest Germany (author: Dr. F. Hamm, land book publishing house GmbH Hanover, 1976) is reported that there was already 1671 a first mention, and 1706 from these three places 292 “unreife” and 295 “matured” beads by the sworn in Perlenfischern were delivered. The existence were destroyed obviously briefly thereafter, but in the years 1840 to 1870 they had again recovered, and there was a proper “Perl fever”. A bead from Wulfsen is to decorate the English crown.
an important event for Wulfsen was the opening of the branch course of joke mountains - book wood at the 31.Dezember 1874. It connected Berlin by joke mountains, Lueneburg. Book wood, Bremervörde with Geestemünde (Bremerhaven) and let a new village part develop beside the old village and the mill. On 20-July 1906 the Kleinbahn vienna EN Egestorf ( from 1910 to Hutzel) was added.
A terrible Eisenbahnunglück at the railroad overpass in Wulfsen occurred at the 4.Juni 1939. With the collision of a touring bus with a course many Garstedter citizens died.
In the war the course bridge was destroyed and replaced at the 7.Juli 1947 by an auxiliary bridge.
At the 26.Mai 1974 the passenger traffic on the Kleinbahn ended. The railroad line is used still by Osthannover railways the AG (OHE) for goods transportation.
At the 26.September 1981 the last regular passenger train on the distance Lueneburg drove - book wood. At the 1.Mai 1989 the distance was completely shut down.
culture and objects of interest
Kulturtreff for children & youth Wulfsen registered association.
singing circle Auetal (woman Mrs.)
MGV song ring (man singing association, based 1880)
the sawmill of the Wassermühle a branch office of the museum Kiekeberg is and can be visited.
fishing rod community
Faslam (last weekend in January)
calibrationhopes (2. Saturday in August)
this contribution developed from an edited version of the local history of harsh ore Timm, Wulfsen after the recordings of Dr. Friedrich W. Reineke, salt living.
Web on the left of
Appel | Asendorf | Bendestorf | Brackel | Book wood in the north heath | Dohren | Drage | Drestedt | Egestorf | Eyendorf | Garlstorf | Refining EDT | Gödenstorf | Halvesbostel | Handeloh | Hanstedt | Harmstorf | Heidenau | Hollenstedt | Jesteburg | Kakenstorf | King moorland | March eight | Marxen | Moisburg | Again Wulmstorf | Otter | Regesbostel | Rose garden | Salt-live | Seevetal | Place | Tespe | Toppenstedt | Tostedt | Undeloh | Four-yards | Wave | Wenzendorf | Winsen (Luhe) | Pointing EDT | Wulfsen