Wuppertal

coat of arms map
Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Wuppertal Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Wuppertal in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: North Rhine-Westphalia
governmental district: Duesseldorf
landscape federation: Rhine country
district: Circle-free city
geographical location:
Coordinates: 51° 16 ' N, 7° 11 ' O
51° 16 ' N, 7° 11 ' O
height: 100-350 m and. NN
surface: 168.41 km ²
inhabitants: 360.648 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 2,150 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip codes: 42001-42399
(old: 5600)
Preselections: 0202, 02058 (actually Wülfrath)
Kfz characteristics: W
municipality key: 05 1 24 000
city arrangement: 10 urban districts
Address
of the city administration:
P.o. box
42269 Wuppertal
Website: www.wuppertal.de
E-Mail address: infozentrum@stadt.wuppertal.de
policy
mayor: Peter Jung (CDU)

Wuppertal is the largest city in the Bergi country in the Land of the Federal Republic North Rhine-Westphalia. It lies for instance in the geographical center of the compression chamber Rhine Ruhr, south the Ruhr district in the further surrounding field of the large cities Duesseldorf (zirka 30 km west), Cologne (about 40 km southwest) and meal (zirka 23 km northwest). Wuppertal belongs to about 360,000 inhabitants with its to the middle large cities, but stillto the ten largest cities of North Rhine-Westphalia and at the same time one of the upper centers of the country forms.

The city Wuppertal reached the 1. August 1929 by combination of the circle-free cities Elberfeld (large city for approximately 1883) and Barmen (large city for about 1884)with their associated quarters, the cities Cronenberg, Ronsdorf and Vohwinkel as well as the local part Beyenburg of the city at that time Lüttringhausen (today too rem-separate duly) under the name “Barmen Elberfeld” as circle-free city based. 1930 took place after a citizen questioning renaming in Wuppertal, with which the geographical location of the city to the Wupper was expressed.

This city fusion also today still reflects itself in the townscape. So Wuppertal has still two larger urbane centers (Elberfeld and Barmen) and five furtherQuarters (Beyenburg, Cronenberg, long field, Ronsdorf and Vohwinkel) with predominantly smallurban elements. From almost any place however within a short time a erholsame green belt or an expanded forest area on the heights can be reached.

Table of contents

geography

opinion from the universe

Wuppertal the border lies to Niederbergi in the north and the Oberbergi high surfaces in the south in an elbow of the Wupper along. Due tothe substantial differences in height within the city there are numerous steep roads and many stairs. Therefore Wuppertal is considered as the city of Germany with most public stairs.

The length of the city boundary amounts to 94.5 km, the length of the Wupper in the city amounts to33.9 km. Highest point in the city is light-separates with 350 m over NN, the deepest point in the city lies to the Wupper with Müngsten with 100 m over NN.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities borderWuppertal; they are called in the clockwise direction beginning in the north:

Hattingen, Sprockhövel, Schwelm and Ennepetal (all Ennepe Ruhr circle), Radevormwald (Oberbergi circle), rem-separate and Solingen (both circle-free cities) as well as Haan, Metz man, Wülfrath and Velbert (everything Circle Metz man).

city arrangement

situation of the urban districts and accomodation in Wuppertal

the city of Wuppertal is divided into ten urban districts.

the urban districts are divided for statistic purposes into altogether 69 accomodation.

See for this list of the urban districts and quarters from Wuppertal

to history

emergence of Wuppertal
opinion on Wuppertal

first traces from humans in the valley going on thatYear 1000 v. Chr. back. A two times three meters large iron-temporal place of discovery with fragments of ceramic(s) with earthwork in the Deweerth garden (Elberfeld) in the year 2003 one discovered.

The original cities of the today's city Wuppertal developed approximately around firstTurn of the century. They were mentioned for the first time documentary as follows:Cronenberg 1050, Barmen 1070, Elberfeld 1161, Schöller 1182, Ronsdorf 1246, Beyenburg 1298, long field 1304, DO mountain 1355 and Vohwinkel 1356. The municipalities belonged predominantly to Duchy mountain.

Elberfeld was named starting from 1444 as “liberty” and had an urban advice condition. The settlement is however clearly older actually, it developed perhaps already in Frankish time, at the latest however in connection with the castle Elberfeld, which was mentioned for the first time 1176. The city privilege was given however only 1610 and extended 1623. After the transition at Prussia 1815 Elberfeld seat of a district, which was formed from the Bürgermeistereien Elberfeld and Barmen, became. It 1820 those becameMunicipalities of the district Metz man attached.

Barmen grew together from different places and farmsteads. Principal place was Gemarke. 1808 were raised Barmen to the city and belonged starting from 1815 to the district Elberfeld. The Bürgermeisterei Barmen consisted of the city Gemarke, marks the Wupperfeld(developed starting from 1780), the villages Heckinghausen, knight living and Wichlinghausen, the Weiler Karnap and 58 smaller localities and farmsteads.

1861 separated Elberfeld and Barmen from the district Elberfeld and became circle-free cities. The remaining remainder of the district Elberfeld becamein district Metz man (starting from 1929 district Duesseldorf Metz man and starting from 1975 again circle Metz man) renamed.

Starting from 1885 with respect to the urban area Barmen of only seven living places were differentiated: City Barmen, Hatzfeld, light place, the west, Heckinghausen, Heidt, Karnap. 1922 took place the integration of the municipalitiesLong field and Nächstebreck. With respect to Elberfeld one differentiated 1885 of altogether 20 living places: City Elberfeld, the Weiler Arrenberg, cock hereditary suppl., Hipkenberg, Ruthenbeck, Steinbeck, stick man mill, Theisbahn, Uellendahl, vineyard, wolf cock and desert yard, furthermore individual houses as well as radio hole. Later further goods, so for instance beech yards were acquired,Evertsaue, Kirbeberg and lock Lüntenbeck.

Barmen Elberfeld placed 19 toward end. Century one of the largest economic centers of the German Reich, still before the entire, Ruhr district developing only later, a property part of its upswing of its function than raw material supplierthe Wuppertaler region to owe had. Numerous historical transportation distances led to the urban areas, like e.g. the Bergi iron route or several coal ways. The today's federal highway 7 after Hagen was one of the all first fastened roads in Prussia.

The building of railways after Barmen Elberfeldpromptly by Duesseldorf (Duesseldorf Elberfelder railway, the first steam-claimant railroad line in the west of Germany), Cologne and Hagen (Bergisch Märki railway) out one forced. Several societies opened own routes by the city. The necessary transportation capacity stood also here for raw materialsand the world-wide dispatch of the products in the foreground.

The traction network permitted in its maximum configuration stage the direct connection of Cronenberg (castle wood course), to Solingen (cork pulling hereditary ancestor), rem-separates, meal (prince William railway), jokes (Elbschetalbahn), Hattingen, Gevelsberg - Silschede, Metz man, Wülfrath, Ratingen (meadow valley course), the Oberbergi country and the märkischen sour country (Wuppertal course) with in each case an own distance.

The Barmen Elberfelder streetcar net ranked among the four of the largest German Reich and was enough from Hagen to Duesseldorf(Ost/West) und von Essen nachWermelskirchen (Nord/Süd).

Around the turn of the century 1900 ironmongery handicraft and textile industry brought a strong growth thrust, which finally put also the combination close to both cities with flourishing production and considerable trade. This taken place to the 1. August 1929.

1934 were formed then the Christian resistance against Hitler in Wuppertal in the Barmer Bekenntnissynode. Under the leadership of Karl Barth adopted the “admitting church “the Barmer explanation, the most important formed by reformed ones, Lutheri and university oresDocument of church refusal of the Nazi rule.

In the Second World War the city was partly destroyed by heavy attacks of the allied ones (twice with several thousand dead ones). But the city could make a good new start owing to its citizens and the industriellen basis. The textile industrysubstantial economic factor of the city was until far into the seventies, until this lost by the globalization of the textile market at meaning.

In the course of the municipality reform 1975 further areas were integrated to Wuppertal. Thus the city achieved its current expansion.

urban structure

of the city bodies of Wuppertal represents a characteristic as spatial typology. The today's entire town is organized by the genesis from several single cities on the one hand in the common valley clearly fixed, at the same time however decentralized. The geographical-geographical location causes the co-operationas urban unit, also historical and structurally logical compelling is (common industrial history, common growth conditions, common identification am already enough before fusing).

As a result of the oblong east-west valley situation now a straight-line dye volume , that does not arise city-spatially as type a parallel inGerman area has. Along an axle from major road (federal highway 7), main railway line and river with the local main means of transport, the suspension railway, all important functions of the city on a length of somewhat less than 15 km line up.

Thereby is a clear center formation makes more difficult, which today as structural weakness in the competition of the neighbour cities becomes recognizable: The still competing centers of the two approximately weighty large cities Barmen and Elberfeld obstruct the development of a critical Zetrumsgrösse, the one attraction in relation toTotal number of inhabitants thus not to unfold know. The creeping misalignment of all commercial weights in the Elberfelder center can adjust this condition only insufficiently. In addition hereby structural Ausblutungseffekte is in the Barmer city center core connected.

The advantages of the volume city place themselves in the extremely simple traffic management, those consistently on the valley process and/or on its parallels (among other thingsMotorway A46 at the north slope of the valley) is concentrated. Thus the person stream can be bundled highly efficiently. The installation of fast autonomous means of transport like the suspension railway leads thus to oneIdeal offer and is still highly frequented and functional, beyond all historical romance in view of this traffic-technical monument. The urbanistische perception of the city leads to one the valley length corresponding optical enlargement, there within the center volume more or less more continuouslyurban density degree is experienced.

That topographically conditionally frequently possible overview of the valley city shows these in apparent size, which subjectively likewise works strengthening. A further advantage of the volume city is their parallel company by nearby green areas and/or. Slope forests, those avoidingfrom the valley into green boundary regions already after few hundred meters permits. Thus also numerous, founder-temporal-high-quality mansion areas are extreme center and/or. valley bind near convenient (Briller quarter, zoo quarter, indirectly also Elberfelder south heights and Barmer Toelleturm).

There the development to Volume city their origin in the industriellen use of the Wupper - valley and/or. the Wupper has, arises as a result of since the 90's the 20. Century finally using structural change (De-industrialization) numerous purge and empty surfaces in the middle in the center volume of the city. Thiscauses subjective (optical) like also objective (depopulation, De-functionalization) structure weakness straight in the city area, which can be filled not sufficiently with regenerating Tertiary period uses (services, administration). The rather medium-size industrial structure does not lead those in Wuppertal to sufficient modernization effects, about now to scientificor administrative tasks of center would lead.

This is in the rest of likewise a result the geographical location, since a settlement of large-scale industry was not possible in close Wuppertal; already the Bavarian developed here - company had at the beginning 20. Year dog only to Leverkusen evadefor lack of expandability. This functional or actual fallow land formation specified here leads to a stronger attenuation of the city connection, than this with centralradially organized cities of similar size would arise. From the use changes caused suburbanization process along the valley axle supports this attenuation.

In principle offersthe volume city - structure interesting Potenziale of the functional optimization like also the production of special urbaner perception. These can be used usually within volume cities by the optical like functional care of the center function of the whole volume (quite with locally specific, different emphasis).Factors are: The urban density, the experiencable volume line (among other things by optical identification amplifiers - like among other things by the suspension railway as green steel strip already manufactured), bead-chain-like emerging of important objects, buildings and landmarks along the center axle.

The causes for the volume townscape are at the same time the limiting factors of the town development for Wuppertal: The topography hardly permits the extension of trade and industrial surfaces. This differentiates the volume city Wuppertal naturally grown from artificial planning of the modern trend, like it z. B. Berlin after the war becomeshould (Hans Scharoun et. aluminium), like it Brasilia at the beginning of its ideal planning was convenient or also since the 90's the city Shenzhen in China, as long volume at the edge of the border to HonKong.

religions

thoseMunicipalities of the today's city Wuppertal were well-known the far over borders for their religious, partly strongly frömmelnde Sektiererei and konfessionelle variety. Whole quarters like e.g. Ronsdorf were created by abweichlerischen municipalities, itself thereby of the partial only in the detaildifferently oriented faith directions in the valley of the Wupper to set off wanted and those the city the spöttischen surname “Muckertal” owed later.

The area of the today's city Wuppertal belonged already from the outset to the ore diocese Cologne. Elberfeld belonged to the Archidiakonat cathedral DEK toand to the Dekanat Neuss. To the Kirchspiel Elberfeld belonged also to Unterbarmen. Oberbarmen however belonged to the Archidiakonat pc. George in the Dekanat load-separate. Only around 1300 Elberfeld became its own municipality, after she belonged before to Richrath.

Tower of the old persons reformedChurch Elberfeld
in Elberfeld was introduced 1566 by Peter Loh the reformation after reformed confession. During the Spanish crew the Evangelist service was temporarily forbidden between 1625 to 1627. Starting from 1690 there was also a lutherische municipality and starting from 1847a Netherlands-reformed municipality. Been subordinate after the transition of the city at Prussia the reformed and lutherischen municipalities Elberfelds first the Konsistorium in Duesseldorf, then in Cologne and finally starting from 1822 in Koblenz, which became seat of the rheinischen Provinzialkirche at that time(today Evangelist church in the Rhine country). Elberfeld became seat of a Kreissynode (today parish district), to which also the Protestant municipalities of sunning fount, Vohwinkel, Cronenberg and Ronsdorf belonged and belong until today, if it does not concern free churches.

Alsoin Barmen, which followed from a multiplicity of settlements, became in 16. Century the reformation imported. But the reformed municipality Gemarke only 1702 separated from the Pfarrei Schwelm. The lutherische municipality Oberbarmen only 1744. Their churchwas in Wichlinghausen. From this the Wupperfelder municipality separated itself 1778. Unterbarmen church belonged to Elberfeld. Also Barmen became in Prussian time seat of a Kreissynode (today parish district), to which today all Protestant municipalities of the quarter Barmen belong,if it does not concern free churches.

Also in the other today's Wuppertaler quarters became in 16. Century the reformation usually after reformed confession imported. Later there were also lutherische municipalities. In some smaller places only very late own developedreformed and/or lutherische municipalities, so for instance in Beyenburg 1854 and in Vohwinkel 1886.

Although in completely Prussia 1817 the union between reformed and lutherischen municipalities one introduced, then the respective municipalities however their past tradition remained faithful. Thus differentiatesone today in Wuppertal still between reformed and lutherischen municipalities. Some municipalities were created also from the outset however as “university Universities of” municipalities. To it the university ores municipality Unterbarmen belongs.

During the time of the national socialism Wuppertal Barmen became famous by thoseBekenntnissynode, those in the time of 29. to 31. May 1934 in the church Gemarke took place. It was called up by the admitting church and visited by lutherischen, reformed and university Universities of delegates. Here the Barmer in such a way specified theological explanation developed,as one of the confession bases of the Evangelist church applies.

The catholic pc. Laurentiuskirche in Elberfeld
the few catholics of Wuppertal belonged also after the reformation to the ore diocese Cologne. Thus there was 1658 for instance in Elberfeld only six, in Barmen 1708only three catholic families. In Barmen however between 1708 and 1721 again a catholic church was built, which was pastorisiert by Franziskanern from Wipperfürth. Around 1800 there were already 2000 catholics in Barmen. In 19. Century took the portionthe catholic population in entire Wuppertal strongly too.1830 was counted in Elberfeld already 5,800 catholics opposite 24.300 Protestanten. In both cities several Pfarrgemeinden developed. Both Elberfeld and Barmen became seat of a Dekanats within the ore diocese Cologne. Both Dekanateforms today together the “Stadtdekanat Wuppertal”. To the Dekanat Elberfeld belong also the Pfarrgemeinden Cronenberg, Ronsdorf (in former times to Barmen) and Vohwinkel, to the Dekanat Barmen the Pfarrgemeinden long field and Beyenburg.

The fact that also after the reformation in Wuppertal still catholic residentwere, witnesses from the religious tolerance in this area. Like that it is not amazing that already in 18. And sparkling wines developed for century numerous free churches, which for the city Elberfeld brought in soon the surname “city 80 sparkling wines”. Thus catholic apostolische developed and neuapostolische municipalities and 1840 a Germancatholic municipality, 1847 a altlutherische municipality , developed around 1870 a old-catholic municipality and 1884 the first theosophische society of Germany. Weiter entstanden Freikirchen (Siebenten-Tags-Adventisten, Mennoniten, Quäker, Evangelisch-Freikirchliche Gemeinden (Baptisten), Methodisten, the Evangelist community, free one Evangelist municipalities, the welfare army) and other religious communities, as for instance the witnesses Jehovas, the Christian Science (Christian science), the Christian community and the church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days.Also in Barmen 19 developed in. Century numerous free churches and other religious communities.

There were Jewish municipality members in Elberfeld only again starting from 1694, after they had been driven out 1595 on instruction of the duke by mountain. In Barmen 1802 two becameFamilies counted. In the year 1861 the Jews of both cities a municipality could create common Israeli tables, which went down however regarding the time of the national socialists. To 8. December 2002 was inaugurated the new Bergi synagog in Barmen.

See also: List of religious municipalitiesin Wuppertal

developed

incorporations the city of Wuppertal as follows:

Already in the year 1807 the place sunning fount was however later again separated after Elberfeld in in common December, and 1888 again in in common December. In the year 1924 the incorporation took place from long fieldand Nächstebreck (circle Hagen) into the city Barmen. Both Barmen and Elberfeld already were since 1. June of 1861 circle-free cities, which to the 1. August 1929 due to the “law over the local reorganisation of the rheinisch westfälischen industrial area”, including thatCities Cronenberg and Vohwinkel (circle Metz man), Ronsdorf (circle Lennep) as well as the local part Beyenburg of the city at that time Lüttringhausen (circle Lennep) were combined to the city Barmen Elberfeld.

To 25. January 1930 was renamed the new circle-free city in Wuppertal. Finally took placeat the 1. January 1975 in the context of the North-Rhine/Westphalian regional reorganization the integration of the local parts DO mountain (city Neviges, until 1935 hard mountain) and Dornap (city Wülfrath) as well as the municipality Schöller (office Gruiten), which belonged all up to then to the circle Metz man.

To inhabitant development

for detallierte numbers of inhabitants 1929 ago see the articles Barmen and Elberfeld

1884 exceeded the population numbers of the cities Barmen and Elberfeld the border of 100.000, whereby both became large cities. 1929 closed the following municipalities to the city “Barmen Elberfeld” (starting from 1930Wuppertal) with 415.000 inhabitants together (in parentheses the number of inhabitants of the census of 16. June 1925): Barmen (187.239), Elberfeld (167.025), Vohwinkel (16.105), Cronenberg (14.039) and Ronsdorf (12.526).

Around 1965 the total population with approximately 425,000 achieved its historical highest level. At the end of September 2005360,648 humans with main domicile lived in Wuppertal after official updating. The population prognosis foresees a declining number of inhabitants for Wuppertal. Therefore estimated that in the year 2010 scarcely over 352.000 inhabitants in the city live, 2015 become only scarcely over 343.000.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. It concerns census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1929 to the resident population and since 1987on the “population at the place of the main dwelling”.

Year inhabitant
1929 414,951
16. June 1933 ¹ 408,602
17. May 1939 ¹ 401,672
31. December 1945 318,209
29. October 1946 ¹ 325,846
13. September 1950 ¹ 363,224
25. September 1956 ¹ 406.225
6. June 1961 ¹ 420,711
31. December 1965 422,461
year inhabitant
27. May 1970 ¹ 418,454
31. December 1975 405,369
31. December 1980 393,381
31. December 1985 376,579
25. May 1987 ¹ 365,662
31. December 1990 383,660
31. December 1995 381.884
31. December 2000 366,434
30. September 2005 360,648

¹ census result


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Age structure is at present so distributed:

  • 0-18 years: 17.9%
  • 18-65 years: 63.1%
  • off65 years: 19.0%

the foreigner portion are at present about 15,5%.

politics

in Elberfeld gave it already starting from 1444 an urban advice condition with a mayor, an advice, a Schult hoisting and juror. After the official city collection 1610 led a herzoglicher office man annually at the 1. May the choice to the mayor, the advice relatives (senators) and the assigning to. Starting from 1807 the city administration was introduced after French model and 1845 were introduced the rheinische Gemeindeordnung starting from 1857 the rheinische city order.At the point of the city thereafter the mayor stood.

To Barmen after the city collection 1808 first the Munizipalverfassung with a director at the point the city was introduced. It two assigning to stood and for 20 Munizipalräte to the side. 1809 leda Maire the city and later a mayor. At the latest since 1861 as Barmen to the circle-free city, led a mayor was raised the city.

The Elberfelder city hall, today administrative house, with wells
after the combination of both cities with other cities to the newCity Barmen Elberfeld (starting from 1930 Wuppertal) led the past Barmer mayor first the entire town. During the time of the national socialists the mayor was used of the NSDAP. After the Second World War the military government of the British zone of occupation used a new mayor and 1946 introduced it the municipal constitution after British model. Afterwards there was a “advice of the city” selected by the people, whose members one calls “city delegate”. The advice selected at first from its center the mayor as chairman and a representative of the city,which was honorary active. The moreover one the advice selected a full-time director of upper city than directors/conductors of the city administration likewise starting from 1946. 1996 were given up the double head in the city administration. Since that time there is only the full-time mayor. This is a chairman of theAdvice, director/conductor of the city administration and representative of the city. Since that time he is selected directly by the people.

Directors of upper city of Wuppertal

town councillor

the advice of the city Wuppertal has at present (conditions: October 2005) of 74 seats (with excessive mandates), itselfon the individual parties distribute as follows (next choice 2009):

CDU SPD the GREEN FDP WfW the left Party of Democratic Socialism REP GREY ONE non-party entire
2004 28 21 9 5 4 3 2 1 1 of 74

mayors

Oberbürgermeister von Barmen mayorof Elberfeld
mayor of Wuppertal

coat of arms

Stadtwappen on a flag of the city Wuppertal

the coat of arms of the city Wuppertal shows a blue crowned, gezungten and reinforced, zwiegeschwänzten red lion in silver standing on a golden Garnknäuel and into thatPranken a black rust holding. The city colors are red white. The coat of arms became to 29. June 1934 of the Prussian Department of State lent.

Meaning: The coat of arms symbols connect on the one hand the bergischen lions with the rust as attribute of the holy Laurentius (former coat of arms pictures Elberfelds)and on the other hand the bergischen lions and the Garnknäuel than symbol of yarn production (former coat of arms pictures Barmens). These symbols are already since that 14. Century in the seals of both cities demonstrably.

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Wuppertal with the following cities:

South Tyneside in the united kingdom, since 1951
Saint Étienne in France, since 1960
district Tempelhof beautiful mountain, Berlin, since 1964 (at that time with beautiful mountain)
Beerscheba in Israel, since 1977
Košice in the Slowakei, since 1980
Schwerin in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, since 1987
Matagalpa in Nicaragua, since 1987
Liegnitz in Poland, since 1993

culture and objects of interest

anniversary wells on the Elberfelder new market

world-famous is the city for its suspension railway, a short description is inCut off buildings.

Further objects of interest are the renowned of that Heydt museum, the Bergi streetcar museum, the clock museum (Abeler) with bell play, the angel house in such a way specified, dwelling of Friedrich Engels, Mitbegründer of scientific socialism, the brewing house, the zoo Wuppertal, which as one is considered the landschaftlich most delightful world, the historical town hall at the Johannisberg, one the acoustically best and architecturally most beautiful concert resounding of Europe, as well as numerous buildings from the period of promoterism in the Elberfelder north city, in the Briller quarter, Wichlinghausenand Vohwinkel. Altogether Wuppertal has also 4.500 building thinking marks over the second largest existence of the country North Rhine-Westphalia. It dominates historicism, art nouveau and the postwar modern trend, however some baroque buildings and works of the classicism in Wuppertal are to be visited. Furthermore givesit a botanischen garden, an indoor swimming pool from the 50's, the swimming opera, and different open-rir swimming pools.


In the area around Wuppertal several dialect borders run, see dialects in Wuppertal.

theatres and music

Schauspielhaus

to the urban Wuppertaler stages belong the opera house in the quarter Barmen (strongly , until 1956 again developed, since 2003 because of renovation closed, reopening destroys 1907 built, in the Second World War presumably 2008/09) and the Schauspielhaus in the quarter Elberfeld (1966 build). Beside an operaand play ensemble has also for avant-garde Choreographien world-wide well-known dance theatres Pina Bausch its seat with the Wuppertaler stages.

Further theatres are the “Comödie Wuppertal at the Karl place”, “Mueller's puppet theatre”, the forum maximum in the Rex theatre, “TIC the theatre in Cronenberg”as well as numerous further theatre ensembles without own play place as for example the “Wuppertaler child and youth theatre “, the “Greek theatre Wuppertal” and” the Vollplaybacktheater “.

The city Wuppertal maintains the Sinfonieorchester Wuppertal, the 1919 from the two orchestras ofBarmen and Elberfeld came out.

Further supraregional well-known orchestras and music associations are the “accordion orchestra Wupperspatzen registered association”, the “Federal Railroads orchestra Wuppertal”, the “chamber orchestra Wuppertal”, the “Mandolinen Konzertgesellschaft Wuppertal” and the “orchestra association Bavarian Wuppertal”. Furthermore there is a multiplicity of choirs, under it that supraregionaladmitted boy choir Wuppertaler Kurrende.

museums

the collection of the of that Heydt museum is particularly from private donations of the Wuppertaler industry 19. /20. Century come out and saves above all a exzellente collection with art early 20. Century.

ThatMuseum for early industrialization documents the beginning of the industriellen revolution at the place of birth Friedrich Engels '.

With the feeling rotting museum Wuppertal possesses a regional naturkundliches museum.

The moreover one are in Wuppertal a people customer museum, a clock museum and a Bible museum as well as the Bergi museum courses. The meeting place old person synagog reminds of the old Jewish municipality in Wuppertal.

buildings

the Wuppertaler suspension railway

Wuppertal is above all admits by world-famous, from Eugen being enough designed and 1901 officially opened suspension railway. The 13,3km long course is technically actually an overhead conveyor and became already soon after its opening to the landmark of the city and/or the cities at that time. Their stretcher stand was renewed to a large extent and historically work-faithfully until 2004; at the same time the stops were converted and modernized.The suspension railway remains thereby, after over 100 years of operation, an ultramodern, safe and relatively fast suburban traffic system, which is used daily by over 70.000 passengers.

churches

by the many religious communities, which exist in Wuppertal (s.o.), give italso numerous churches. Since in the 80's the lutherischen and reformed municipalities were only united, there are catholic and two Evangelist churches in many quarters. This led also to the secularization of some buildings. The oldest Wuppertaler church is the old person reformed church in the city center Elberfelds, the architectural most important church of the city is the pc. Laurentiuskirche in the Luisenviertel.

towers

on that the Wupper seam-end heights stand numerous towers, under it five observation towers from that 19.and 20 beginning. Century. There is a Bismarck tower, the Elisenturm, the Toelleturm, the of that Heydt tower and the Weyerbuschturm.

In addition several water towers coin/shape the townscape, thus z. B. the so-called. Atadösken.

stairs

the populated areas19. Century were furnished however for pedestrians. One counts 469 public stairs with altogether 12,383 stages, 23 stairs stands under monument protection. The probably most well-known stairs in Elberfeld are the tap grope Tönchen, the longest continuous straight are the Jakob stairs also155 stages, which the Friedrich Ebert road in Elberfeld west connects with the being useful mountain.

parks

in beautiful landschaftlicher situation is the zoo Wuppertal. In that 20 hectares large park areas find 5,000 animals in approximately 500 kinds from allContinents a at home. In the Tierhäusern the visitor can observe among other things anthropoids , apes , bears, large cats , elephants, birds , fish and reptiles from next proximity.

Some parks Wuppertaler large-scale manufacturer are today publicly accessible, e.g. the Barmer plants. In the park area “on the Hardt “are a free light stage and the Botani garden of the city.

sport

the Wuppertaler “stadium at the zoowas opened 1924 and is the largest stadium in the bergischen country. Herealready different high-performance sport meetings in the cycle racing, motorcycling, Leichtathletik, football and American football were held. It is among other things venue of the championship plays of the football regional lyingists Wuppertaler Sportverein. The old cycle track in the stadium is received partly today still and stands under monument protection. A further large meeting center for sport, in addition, for maintenance, is “university-resounds”, which was opened in November 1987. It is the largest multipurpose hall in the bergischen country with about 3,000 seats.

The most successful hand ball association of Wuppertal is the secondary lyingist Ltv Wuppertal. With the sports association Bavarian Wuppertal is the city also in the 1. Volleyball federal league successfully represent. In addition the 11-11-fache was German basketball masters of the ladies (1989 and 1993-2002), the Barmer TV and/or. Gold-serrate Wuppertal here, up to his bankruptcyresident. And with walter Sirrenberg comes a multiple German master in the 4er-Gespannfahren (into the 1960er years) from the Bergi metropolis.

A marked moving way, the Wuppertaler round way, orbits the whole city with a length of 106 km.

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Regular meetings

  • Vohwinkeler flea market on last Sunday in September in Vohwinkel, world largest a daily flea market with approximately 300,000 visitors.
  • Cronenberger tool crate: People celebration in Cronenberg
  • Bleicherfest in Heckinghausen
  • Barmen live one in the Barmer pedestrian precinct on Ascension Day weekend, 2005 Fronleichnam
  • Wuppertal-24 hourslive: Such a thing like day of the open door in Wuppertaler enterprises, mechanism and also in historical buildings. Each year at the end of of Septembers takes place.
  • Pupil skirt festival in January
  • Luisenfest each year in May a Trödelmarkt in the old part of town of Wuppertal.


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Economics and infrastructure

industrial development became in 19. Century by the textile industry coined/shaped. Thus also the indication of the Bleicher found - idS textile improving entrance into the Stadtwappen. Today the branches of industry chemistry , mechanical engineering and electro-technology are prevailing.Besides there is publishing houses and agriculture. In Cronenberg some prominent enterprises of the tool industry have its seat carrier.

The unemployment ratio amounts to at present 15.8% (conditions: January 2006)

debts

the city has currently 451 millions € Debts (conditions:31. August 2005)

traffic

motorways

the city Wuppertal is well tied up to the transportation network. By the city A 46 lead, those from Duesseldorf coming at the northern outskirts of a town along-led and in the east of theWuppertaler of city on the federal motorway A 1 toward Dortmund, coming from Cologne , meets. There likewise A 43 leading after Münster begin.

federal highways

at federal highways lead B 7, B 51, those B 224 and B 228 by Wuppertal. B 7 is the main traffic axle of the city, because it connects the quarters Barmen and Elberfeld since 1788. At the southern outskirts of a town the landesstrasse L418 leads as vierspurige motorway from Elberfeld west to Ronsdorf.

railway

also to the Eisenbahnnetz is well tied up Wuppertal. The city is to Hagen because of the railroad line Cologne - Hagen and/or Duesseldorf - and is long-distance traffic stop. The main station is in the quarter Elberfeld, the regional course - coursesand some regional express - courses hold also in Oberbarmen, Barmen, and in Vohwinkel. Besides there are still the critical points of the rapid-transit railway in long field, Unterbarmen, Steinbeck, zoo-logical garden and sunning fount.

With exception under the designation “the Müngstener”operating distance from Wuppertal rem-separate (and further after Solingen) and the distance of the prince William course after meals all on Wuppertaler branches branching are meanwhile shut down city of the main route specified above. To call here the north course is, those under others Castle wood course, also “Samba” mentioned, the coal course, the Wuppertal course and further. Thus still whole ten are in enterprise, of it nine stations on the main route from once 31 stations and critical points on Wuppertaler area.

In Wuppertal long field is a container station.

public local passenger traffic

the Wuppertaler public utilities AG operates beside the world-famous suspension railway (details see with objects of interest) a city bus network with town center express and city lines. Into the neighbour cities drive city high-speed penalty. To 1987 also numerous strassenbahnlinien drove by the city.

All means of transportin Wuppertal are to be used for uniform prices within the traffic group Rhine Ruhr (VRR).

resident enterprise

  • Gepa
  • Cronenberger baking house
  • Delphi (Germany center)
  • Riedel radio and Intercomtechnik
  • R. Stöpfgeshoff (label printering)
  • Schaeffler kg, FAG work Wuppertal
  • Schmersal
  • stork GmbH (painter tools)

former

see also: Category: Enterprise (Wuppertal)

media

broadcast - in Wuppertal a Studio of the West German broadcast ( WDR) is, before gave it there only since 1983an office for the Bergi country. In this Studio the regional transmissions for sound broadcasting and television of the WDR are produced, those under the name WDR 2 - messages for the Bergi country (in sound broadcasting) and/or. WDR restaurant time Bergi country (in Television) run. Furthermore the restaurant radio station sends radio Wuppertal made of Wuppertal.

Printed media - as daily paper the “general indicator” appears, the Wuppertaler expenditure of the” West German newspaper “(CR). This newspaper has a press building in Wuppertal beside Duesseldorf and Krefeld. Besidesthere is e.g. a multiplicity of regional indicator sheets and/or week magazines in Wuppertal, among them. “Wuppertaler round-look”, “Ronsdorfer Sundays sheet”, “Ronsdorfer Wochenschau”, “Cronenberger week”, “Cronenberger indicators”, “Bergi sheets” and “Bergi time”.

public mechanisms

Wuppertal is seat of the industrie andChamber of Commerce (IHK) Wuppertal Remscheid Solingen. Furthermore here the association “as well as the reformed federation, the roof federation of reformed churches, municipalities and individuals their seat have blue cross in Germany registered association “just like the German welfare organisation in equal numbers regional organization North Rhine-Westphalia DPWV.

education

the university Wuppertal
Kirchliche Hochschule Wuppertal
Church university Wuppertal
  • University for music Cologne location Wuppertal: In the small department of the Cologne college of music at the Arrenberg study approx. 220 students. It came out from the Wuppertaler conservatoire, the 1972 to the ColognersUniversity was attached. Here is the European-wide only chair for Mandoline.

personalities

honour citizen

the city Wuppertal has since its establishment the 1929/30 followingPersons the honour citizen right lent:

Apart from the honour citizen right the city Wuppertal donates an honour ring , which can be lent at personalities since 1966, whom earned in special way made itself around the well-being of the city. Since that time it was lent already more to than thirty times.

sons and daughters of the city

in Wuppertal and in the predecessor cities independent to 1929 are born a row persons, who became famous beyond the city boundaries. Their sphere of activity lay frequently outside of the city. To mentionis the 1820 born Friedrich Engels, who developed the communist manifesto together with Karl Marx. Friedrich Carl Duisberg, born 1861, was as chemists and a Industrieller end 19. Century considerably at the development of the chemical industry inGermany takes part. Within the range of the German lyric poetry the 1869 born Else Lasker pupils made themselves a name. 1875 were born among other things into the citizens of Berlin Charité famous surgeon Ferdinand sour break become.

As a television commissioner the actor Horst groping ore is popular,in the year 1923 in the local part the Elberfeld is born. Two years was Johannes Rau mayor of Wuppertal, admits it however as an Prime Minister von Nordrhein-Westfalen became; this office exercised it twenty years. In the year 1931 the born Rau hadin the choice to the Federal President the highest public office dresses (1999-2004). The most well-known representative that tool NIST inside, Alice of black ones, is born 1942 in Wuppertal.

Here a detailed list of the Wuppertaler personalities

other

literature

  • Heinrich silver-slide (Hrsg.): Of Prussia cities - memorandum to the 100-jährigen anniversary of the city order of 19. November 1808; hrsg. on behalf of theExecutive committee of the Prussian city daily of Professor. Dr. Heinrich silver-slide, Berlin 1908
  • Erich Keyser (Hrsg): Rheini city book; Volume III 3. Volume from “German city book. Manual of urban history - hrsg. on behalf of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of theGerman city daily, the German standard ware and German municipality daily, Stuttgart 1956
  • roll ago Hubatsch (Hrsg.): Sketch to German administrative history 1815 - 1945, volume 7: Rhine country. Marburg at the Lahn 1978
  • Volkmar Wittmütz: The emergence of the city Wuppertal 1929, in:Romerike of mountains. Magazine for the Bergi country. 54. Jg., number 2, 2004, S. 2-17.
  • Bettina Osswald, Klaus Göntz: Of Wuppertal wa (h) RH of kings and shop guardian, publishing house Wuppertaler round-look, Wuppertal November 2004

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