Second Channel of German Television

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information
receipt: DVB-T, DVB-C & DVB-S
of countries: Germany
entrepreneurial group of: Second Channel of German Television
business guide: Markus Schächter
Erstausstrahlung: 1. April 1963
program type: Full program
imprint

postal address:
(no imprint in accordance with MDStV)
second German television
55100 Mainz

house address:
Second Channel of German Television road 1
55127 Mainz lark mountain
www.ZDF.de

list of the television stations
ZDF-Teletext
Second Channel of German Television Teletext

Second Channel of German Television is the abbreviation for second German television, one of the largest broadcasting stations of Europe.

Table of contents

convention

after the Federal Constitutional Court the so-called Adenauer television, which had forbidden Germany television GmbH, those signedCountries to 6. June 1961 a convention over „a non-profit institute of the public right with the name: Second German television “. Seat of the transmitter should be Mainz, and as transmission beginning was the 1. July 1962 intended; the date had however finallyon the 1. April 1963 to be shifted. The Second Channel of German Television is an institute of the public right.

Senderkette

for a second television program began the post office around 1960 with the structure of a second Senderkette. This would send range in UHF -,which a second antenna and a television set with extended frequency range required. For older receivers the trade special held, approx. 80 DM expensive converters ready. During transmitter planning - exactly as with the first program - an optimal receipt in if possible playedmany parts of the GDR an important role.

The first attempt transmission radiated the Second Channel of German Television at the night of 19. on the 20. March 1963 over the transmitter field mountain out; the second attempt transmission at the night of 26. on that 27. Marchover all transmitters of the chain. To this time could 61% the TV subscriber be achieved. As is the case for the pool of broadcasting corporations the first color attempt transmission at the 3 ran. July 1967 and the rule enterprise starting from that 25. August 1967, in the meantime amounted to the range approx. 80%the participant.

already once

to use to be able to animate and the spectators to the UHF receipt one permitted pool of broadcasting corporations 2 around the Senderkette the pool of broadcasting corporations with the program pool of broadcasting corporations 2 a limited second program, daily from 20 to22 o'clock would send. Its kind of sending: 1. May 1961 in the transmission area of the HR and one month later country widely. It was first up to 30. June 1962 limited and became then up to 30. March 1963 extends. With the pool of broadcasting corporations one hoped,to be allowed to radiate afterwards a third program, which could be realized for lack of free frequencies however not immediately.

Eschborn and Wiesbaden

the transmit mode Second Channel of German Television began in that provisional Studios in Eschborn, which one of that freeTelevision society had taken over. Some former labour camp buildings, a scenario described gladly with Telesibirsk concerned a farm and. In it was 2 of Studios with 230 m ² and/or. 160 m ² and ever 3 cameras accommodated, furthermore a Synchronstudio with 2additional cameras, so that it could serve also for announcements. In addition were available: 1 magnetic spectrum plant, 3 Filmabtaster for 16 mm and 35 mm, a 16-mm-Aufzeichnungsanlage and a 16-mm-Entwicklung.

The board of directors found a development in Eschborn as too expensive, whereuponRemoval in the provisional Studiokomplex the rope US film GmbH in Wiesbaden, under which oaks took place. There one took at the 1. April 1964 the transmit mode up. On the area the rope US film the transmission line, current service and technology were accommodated, on an adjacentProperty cut area, Kopierwerk, photo laboratory and chief editorship. Beyond that the Second Channel of German Television up to 30 had rented areas in the region Mainz/Wiesbaden, in which for example central archives or the synchronisation were.

Mainz lark mountain


coordinates: 49° 57 ' 52 " N, 8° 12 '29 " O
planning planned from the beginning a central location for all departments. For this the Second Channel of German Television bought to 25. June 1964 one 1.04 million m ² large, property convenient in the Mainzer quarter lark mountain. In the first section could a building forthe mobile transmission units at the beginning of 1967 to be referred; the second section, the 14stöckige editorship and administration building in the spring 1974. And after six-year construction period then finally took to 6. December 1984 the new transmission center its enterprise up.

Today the transmitter has 17Inlandsstudios (one in each state capital; in Berlin additionally the Hauptstadtstudio) as well as 18 Auslandsstudios, of it two in the USA (New York, Washington D. C.).

financial situation

the financing Second Channel of German Television turned out inthe first years very with difficulty. From 5 DM radio and licence fees went to 1.35 DM or 27% to the post office for the transmitter net and the fee introduction, the remainder got to 70% the pool of broadcasting corporations and to 30% thatSecond Channel of German Television, which constituted 1.095 DM - only 1972 came it to an increase of the broadcast fees. During the ARD-2-Ära half of the incomes had to be passed on to the pool of broadcasting corporations, afterwards the Bavarian broadcast prepared annoyance with its point of view, the convention hurtsthe Basic Law and the Bavarian national condition, whereupon the payments at the 1. Septembers 1963 ended and only after after a judgement of the Federal Administrative Court of 5. November 1965 again flowed. Also the incomes from advertising stayed in the first years behind expectations.

Today the fee introduction center ( GEZ) draws in 17.03 € monthly per household, from which approximately 4.20 € arrives at the Second Channel of German Television. The budget is with approx. 1.6 billion € (Conditions: June 2005)

coworker

the Second Channel of German Television started with nearly2200 employees coworkers, a number slowly to 3000 rose firmly.

program

at the 1. April 1963 began the transmit mode with the Slogan „on first second “, whereby the program essentially from the 90-minütigen noted first maintenance transmission„Berlin melody “with music from old Berlin existed. In the first year the transmissions produced for the FFG played still another substantial role, in addition one tried with sport broadcasts to shine particularly to the current Sportstudio - extremely successful -. With the removalto Wiesbaden came the turntable, a well-known previous evening ending, which summarized many past councellor endings. Now also the transmitting time could be expanded gradually.

advertisement

like also first may show the Second Channel of German Television advertisement to 20,00 o'clock. The advertisementlasts approx. And rarely a transmission interrupts 1-3 minutes. To sun and no advertisement may be sent to country wide holidays.

technical facilities

in the first decades of its existence the Second Channel of German Television its program radiated exclusive over the second terrestrialSenderkette in the Federal Republic of Germany out. This is operated, differently than the transmitters of the first television program of the pool of broadcasting corporations von T-System (daughter of the German Telekom AG), in former times of the Federal Post Office. As is the case for the pool of broadcasting corporations were also here forwards1990 many transmitters it platziert in such a way that they were receiptable also in far areas of the GDR, where the Second Channel of German Television had many spectators. Since December 1990 the program is radiated also over various transmitters in the new Lands of the Federal Republic. Here frequencies are used,once for a possible third television program of the GDR were intended.

Since the first cable pilot projects is represented the Second Channel of German Television also in the cable television. The European-wide satellite radiant emittance over Astra 1K began in August 1993 to the international radio exhibition in Berlin. In the same decadethe digital radiant emittance over cables and satellite began.

Since 2002 the Second Channel of German Television over DVB-T is to be received also digitally in the developed regions.

program pallet

the Second Channel of German Television operates (except the actual Second Channel of German Television program) in co-operation with other broadcastand/or. TV organizations the following programs:

in its digital package (DVB) Second Channel of German Television vision are additionally free to receive:

  • Second Channel of German Television info. channel
  • ZDFdokukanal
  • Second Channel of German Television theatre channel

director

the Second Channel of German Television is led by a director, who is selected by the television advice.

The past office holdersare:

transmissions Second Channel of German Television (selection)

adjusted transmission rows

literature

  • twentyYears Second Channel of German Television. Second German television, Mainz 1981.

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