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Dentist or a Zahnärztin is the job title for a physician of the dental medicine. The field of activity of the dentist extends over prevention, Diagnosis and therapy of tooth -, mouth - and Kiefererkrankungen.
The definition of the occupation was meanwhile standardized by a judgement of the European Court of Justice, however it needs some years, until European-wide the national license to practise medicine orders are adapted to the judgement.
For a long time before it bar beers settledTreatments like a pulling of teeth, since they had suitable equipment such as levers, needles, shears and blade and could these in the always available warm soapy water clean.
Until 1951/52 gave it in Germany still nationally recognized, but Zahnbehandler without academic training, the so-called did not bestallteDentisten. The training programme 1952 abolished, at that time already practicing Dentisten were allowed however further to treat. Since since 1952 all new dentists must exhibit a university conclusion, the designation “Dentist” is actually generic term-oiled in Germany. Nothing the defiance is further used it by journalists, in order to avoid repetitions of word in articlesto have to write and not like that frequently “dentist”.
Table of contents
the dental training covers
1. a study of the dentistry of ten terms at a scientific university, itself from a before-clinicaland builds up for a clinical part of ever five terms;
2. the following national examinations:
- a) the scientific preliminary test,
- b) the dental preliminary test and
- C) the dental examination.
The average period of study in the sense § 10 exp. 2 of the university framework law amounts to including the test time for the dental examinationafter § 33 exp. 1 sentence 1 ten terms and six months. The academic subject of the dental medicine is subject to a restriction of permission (number Clausus). An important condition for the occupation of dentist is that one can mirror-wrongly work.
After the state examination the tooth physician on request receives the license to practise medicine as a dentist.
Less than half of the graduates attains a doctorate afterwards to the Dr. med. dent.
A Kieferorthopäde is likewise a dentist, who completed a 3-jährige training further time after its study additionally and itself with the recognition, preventing and treatment of tooth and Kieferfehlstellungen concerns. Each the well-known “clips”and “tooth clips” belong likewise to the spectrum of a Kieferorthopäden like the perfectly one on the other suitable dentures.
An oral surgeon is likewise a dentist, who completed a 4-jährige training further time after its study, about which at least 1 year at a hospital must take place. He attains thereby large talents and qualificationsregarding surgical interferences in the oral cavity and - depending upon training centre - also in the Implantologie. The spectrum regarding the dental surgery, covered by an oral surgeon, is very similar to that of the mouth Kiefer Gesichtschirurgen thereby and leads to numerous overlaps. However belongInterferences outside of the oral cavity and within the plastic-surgical range not to its field of application and training. After successful examination before the responsible dentist chamber afterwards the title “specialist for oral surgery” is lent.
The mouth, Kiefer, face surgeon have both a complete study of the dental medicine (at least 10 terms), anda complete study of the Humanmedizin (at least 12 terms) completes. He is thus a physician and dentist. Only after this final double study it may begin 48-monatigen further training at least with that to the specialist. In the conclusion to it the so-called specialist examination before the respective chamber, of that takes place the designation“Specialist for mouth, Kiefer face surgery” is lent and additionally by the dentist chamber the designation “oral surgeon”.
are nearly all dentists of contract dentists of the legal health insurance companies are there obligation-insured permission up to 80% of humans in Germany in a legal health insurance company. Contract dentists are again obligation members in the cash-dental Federal union (KZBV), and/or. their regional organization. Dentists receive the cash permission after an at least two-year and maximally four years old Assistenzzeit (= preparation time) in a certified practice or in a dental clinic following the study. They become political on regional level of the national dentist chamber and upFederal level of the federal dentist chamber represent.
A dentist without cash permission receives for the treatment of legally insured patients no payment from the legal health insurance companies, can to the patient however a private calculation to the basis of the regulation of charges for dentists of 22.10.1987 set. With completion 68. Lebensjahres ends thoseCash permission. After present legal status legally insured patients get no reimbursement of costs of the health insurance companies for the treatment with a dentist, who is not a contract dentist, usually. Exception (note: Resident discrimination!): If the present non--contract Treaty in the European Union foreign country practices, then a requirement of the patient on refunding that existsCalculation by the legal cash cash at height of the costs, which would have inland resulted.
The contract dentist in the Federal Republic of Germany is obligated to treat all legally insured patients according to the contribution of equipment principle. The patient receives primarily no calculation, but the achievements become over thoseCash-dental combination with the legal health insurance companies accounted for. Legally insured patients receive a self-portion calculation within the range artificial dentures over those costs, which are not taken off over the health insurance company fixed subsidies. Within the range Kieferorthopädie must the patient (and/or. the educate-entitled) a first quartalsweise self-portion pay, that after successful conclusion thatTreatment is returned by the health insurance company. Over the health plan benefits (medically necessarily, appropriately, economically and sufficiently) going out treatments are to be paid by the legally insured patient from own bag. The legally insured patient has the liberty to select its dentist. The non--contract dentist is subject to a treatment obligation onlyin emergency e.g. Case of pain.
the dentist can establish itself in free practice or is active as an employee dentist in a dental clinic or a practice. A further vocational field is the research. It knows different activity emphasis by auxiliary examinations like “Implantologie” or “Parodontologie”lead, whose can vary conditions however depending upon Land of the Federal Republic and specialized company.
- Philipp Pfaff
- Willoughby D. Miller
- Greene V. Black
- Edward H. Fish
- Alfred Gysi
- Sanford Christie Barnum
- Sheila Voser
Web on the left of
|Wiktionary: Dentist - word origin, synonyms and translations|
- German society for tooth, mouth and Kieferheilkunde
- federal dentist chamber
- cash-dental Federal union
- German society for Implantologie in the Kieferbereich registered association.
- Overview to laws and regulations to occupation of health (Federal Ministry for health)
- German dentist information
- www.wissenschaft.de: Already before 9,000 years dentists knew to deal with instruments - report over an article of therenowned science magazine Nature (Bd. 440, S. 755, 2006)
|This article or paragraph represents only the situation in Germany . Help to describe the situation in other countries.|