under a character set one understands a supply of elements for the representation about circumstances.
Among other things this is the letters of an alphabet, as well as numbers. In addition, other graphic symbols can be, z. B. the indications of the sound transcription of the IPA - code, the indicationsthe Braille or Icons, with which one z. B. a flow diagram and/or. a program flowchart (English: flowchart) of programs or production plants to draw can.
The graphic arrangement of a character set is called character font.
In the computer engineering one understands the allocation of the alphanumeric indications by a character set tooa number. Traditionally in computer science well-known indication codings are the ASCII - and that EBCDIC - code, the latters in particular however strongly at meaning lost. Increasingly into the foreground character sets with internationally necessary indications, which go beyond the English, stepped z. B. relevant character sets in accordance with ANSI and in particular the internationally recognized standard university code.
Table of contents
of character sets for computer systems
international character sets
- university code and ISO/CInternational Electronical Commission 10646 - the international standard, on thatnearly all modern computers are based (1991)
- ASCII - one of the oldest computer character sets (1963)
- ISO/CInternational Electronical Commission 8859-Familie - with 15 different indication coding for the cover of all European languages as well as Arab, Hebrew, Thai and Turkishly (1986)
- ISO 646 - national ASCII - variants in 7 bit coding define (1972)
- SECS - A character set particularly for European needs
of character sets character set (
- 1964 ), developed by computer companies EBCDIC - of IBM
- , MacRoman, MacCyrillic and other prop. guessing acres of character sets for Apple Mac computer before Mac OS X, which university code uses
- Windows and DOS Codepages, e.g. Windows-1252 and MS-DOS code PAGE 437, code PAGE 850
- Windows Glyph cunning 4
- ARMSCII - Armenian
- Big5 - character set for traditional Chinese characters (Taiwan, foreign Chinese)
- DIN 66003 - German, national variant of ISO 646 (1974)
- GEOSTD - Georgian
- Guojia Biaozhun (GB) - character set for simplified Chinese characters
- HKSCS - a standard from Hong Kong for Cantonese (1999)
- ISCII - all Indian languages
- KOI8-R - Russian
- KOI8-U - Ukrainian
- TIS-620 - Thai, similar ISO 8859-11 (1990)
- TSCII - Tamil
- VISCII - Vietnamesisch
- shift JIS, also SJIS - Japanese, sketched from Microsoft
- EUC (Extended UNIX Coding) - several East Asian languages