Central African Republic of

République Centrafricaine (frz.)
Ködrö tî Bê Africa (Sango)
Central African Republic of< /font>
Flagge der Zentralafrikanischen Republik Wappen der Zentralafrikanischen Republik
(Detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Unité, Dignité, Travail
(franz. for „agreement, work became “)

office language French, Sango
capital Bangui
system of government Präsidialrepublik
head of state François Bozizé
Head of the government Elie Doté
surface 622,984 km ²
number of inhabitants 3.742.482 (conditions July 2004)
population density of 6.0 inhabitants per km ²
independence from France to 13. August 1960
currency CFA franc (XOF)
time belt UTC +1h
national anthem La Renaissance
Kfz characteristic RCA
national holiday 1. December
internet TLD .cf
preselection + 236
Karte Afrikas, Zentralafrikanischen Republik hervorgehoben
Karte der Zentralafrikanischen Republik

the Central African republic is a state in central Africa. It borders (in the clockwise direction of the north) on Chad, the Sudan, the democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Cameroon.

Table of contents

geography

the country lie mainly on the plateau of the north equatorial threshold (to 1,420 m and. NN). In the north prevails ratherwild-similar climate, in the south equatorial climate with a rain time of March until Octobers.

Flora and fauna

the close tropical rain forest in the south are one of the last places of refuge for flat country gorillas and forest elephants. The largest part of the country existsbut from Grassavanne (Feuchtsavanne) and light forest. Among the animal existence rank elephants, apes, Antilopen, buffalos, rare birds, as well as Warane and river horses in waters.

population

the original subpopulation, the Pygmäen, were extinguished nearly. InBantu of the Ngalagruppe ( Gbakka , Lissongo) dominate the south. In addition Sara and nilotide Runga come as well as in the east Azande - peoples, in the jungle region also Pygmäen in the north. Some thousand Europeans, mostly Frenchmen, live in the cities. While thoseRain forest areas and the Trockensavanne are nearly deserted, are settled the largest part of the population along the most important water routes of the country.

Population trend x1000

half of the inhabitants attaches the Christianity (27.04% catholic), a good quarter of indigenen religions)and the remainder (15%) the Islam.

Despite compulsory schooling the illiterate rate still lies over 60%. Since 1970 the country in Bangui possesses a university.

languages

history

major item: History after the Central African

republic by the slave trade operated by the Sudan here late Bantu and Azande settled. Exploited during French colonial rule, attainedthe country 1960 its full independence. From 1976 to 1979 Central Africa was a monarchy under the the-poetically governing emperor Bokassa.

administrative arrangement

the state is divided into 14 prefectures, two restaurant economics (Préfectures of économiques) and an autonomousCity (Commune autonomous):

Name status capital
Bamingui Bangoran prefecture Ndélé
bass Kotto prefecture Mobaye
strike Kotto prefecture Bria
skin Mbomou prefecture Obo
Kémo prefecture Sibut
Lobaye prefecture Mbaiki
Mambéré Kadéï prefecture Berbérati
Mbomou prefecture Bangassou
Nana Mambéré prefecture Bouar
Ombella Mpoko prefecture Bimbo
Ouaka prefecture Bambari
Ouham prefecture Bossangoa
Ouham Pendé prefecture Bozoum
Vakaga prefecture Birao
Nana Grébizi restaurant economics Kaga Bandoro
Sangha Mbaéré restaurant economics Nola
Bangui autonomous city

infrastructure

of the Ubangi - river is the most important route of transportation, since the road system is frequently flooded in the rain time.

Onesocial supply hardly gives it, the health service to the sleep illness, malaria, leprosy, to AIDS and other diseases was not up to, education is free, but are subject only to one minority accessible, the media to a national censorship.

Economics

little than a third of the country are used for the agriculture, which serves almost exclusively the local nutrition.

Are exported peanuts, cotton, coffee and Palmfrüchte.

Basic food is rice, millet and Maniok.

Most important soil treasure are diamonds,those to be also exported, mostly however smuggled.

The Central African republic still ranks among the poorest countries in the world: still 2003 amounted the portion of the population with less than 1 US Dollar per day up67% (see also: Table: The highest poverty world-wide).

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Central African republic - word origin, synonyms and translations



coordinates: 2°-11° N, 14°-27° O

 

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