central Asia or Central Asia is a recapitulatory name for the large region in the center of the continent Asia. Usually the today's States of Kazakhstan , Usbekistan , Tadschikistan , Turkmenistan and Kirgisistan as well as to China the belonging are in addition-counted Autonomous areas Sinkiang (Xinjiang) and Tibet (western provinces, where geographically the center of Asia lies). Also the Südturkestan Afghanistan lain more south becomes partial as well as in the east Mongolia and the desert Gobi (internal Mongolia) central Asiacounted. Geographically also the south Sibiriens bordering on Kazakhstan would belong to.
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Central Asia, central Asia, inside Asia
Russian geographers differentiate between „Central Asia “(Srednjaja Asija), which the five mentioned above former Soviet republics cover, and „central Asia “(Zentralnaja Asija). The latter covers Mongolia and the centralasiatic parts of China in their definition. Following thisRussian linguistic usage also with respect to German with respect to the GDR between Central Asia and central Asia one differentiated.
In the Western European linguistic usage the terms central Asia and Central Asia were often synonymously used, differentiated inside Asia however by these. Inside Asia strictly speaking only Sinkiang become (Ostturkestan), (expresses) Mongolia, Tibet as well as the Republic of Tuwa in sibrischen Russia) counted.
Recently - more politically than geographically inspired - the term is limited „central Asia “often also to the today independent asiatic former Soviet republics. However it gives hereno generally obligatory convention.
geography and vegetation
The western and central part (including Sinkiangs) is mainly of Turkvölkern inhabited and culturally of the Islam affected. The thin settled eastern part is inhabited and of the Lamaisti Buddhismus coined/shaped of Tibetern and Mongols.
- Marie Carin Gumppenberg, Udo Steinbach: Central Asia. - 1. Aufl. - Munich: C.H. Beck, 2005. - ISBN 3-40651-113-9
- Franz binders: Central Asia. Hirmer, 2004. - ISBN 3-77749-860-2
- Klaus Pander: DuMont art travel guide central Asia.- 6.Aufl. - Ostfildern: DuMont travel publishing house, 2005. - ISBN 3-77013-680-2
- ion Karagounis: With the course by central Asia and China. On the silk road from work living to Shanghai. Frankfurt A.M.: Rita Fischer, 2004. - ISBN 3-83010-684-X
Web on the left of
- link collections of the Eastern Europe networkto Central Asian GUS states
- the central Asia. Spreading resources (Econ Biz, University of and municipal library Cologne)
- photo by various cities and places of centralasiatic countries
- detailed report on a journey
- current one political map of central Asia (English),