central Switzerland is Swiss region, which covers the part of the alps and Voralpen lain central. To it the cantons Uri , Schwyz , Obwalden , Nidwalden , Luzern and course belong. The urban center of central Switzerland is Luzern.
the canton Glarus is often falsely ranked among central Switzerland, although it exhibits linguistically larger thing in common with it neither geographically nor economically, politically, mentality-moderately or.
With central Switzerland, although frequently with you confounds, inside Switzerland is not congruent. Their area becomes pure after geographicalCriteria defines. To inside Switzerland the cantons Uri , Obwalden and Nidwalden as well as those belong to the Vierwaldstättersee of turned parts of the cantons Luzern and Schwyz (also Innerschwyz called) - essentially thus the area, the z. T. this very day as forest place one designates.
From it again to distinguish is the historical area of the Urschweiz, franz. without abschätzigen Beiklang Suisse primitive mentioned. It covers the cantons Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden (Obwalden and Nidwalden).
differences to other Swiss regions
central Switzerland differentiates between itself not only geographically, but also historically,religiously, mentality-moderately and politically of the other cantons:
- central Switzerland, above all the Urkantone, understands itself as the cradle of the confederation
- the reformation was able contrary to the central country not to penetrate here, so that these cantons until today remained catholic; thus became since thatReformation the connection to that directly following parts of the central country reduced; the feeling of the isolation became by the Religionskriege 17. Century still strengthens
- in 19. Century resisted inside Swiss of cantons embittered the establishment of the Federal State of the modern confederation and wanted at the conventionalloose confederation of states with a strong position of the catholic church record; this culminated in the mutual agreement of the special federation, whose dissolution ordered from the liberals cantons led 1847 even to a civil war, the special federation war, which weak inside Swiss of cantons lost after few days.
- In thatConsequence became central Switzerland the center that strictly föderalistisch and catholic aligned today's CVP. The victorious liberals of cantons regarded inside Swiss as uncertain cantonists and excluded these far going from the establishment of the modern commonwealth. The catholic-conservative went for their part into the so-called. “Ghetto”.This contrast came for the first time 1848 to the expression, as which Presidential Election Council furnished the capital of the new state not in the Luzern lain central, but in Berne (see also: Capital question of Switzerland).
- the integration of central Switzerland succeeded only in the second half 19. Century, asby the mechanism (half) of the direct democracy the circles dominant in Berne increasingly compromises with the opponents to be received had and with Joseph Zemp 1891 of this recognized representative central Switzerland into the Upper House of Parliament drew in for the first time.
- In the last years the konfessionelle contrast has itselfto remaining Switzerland moderated, while internally economical ditches open themselves, since particularly the cantons course, Schwyz and Nidwalden developed to rich tax havens, meanwhile above all Obwalden and Uri under strong economic difficulties to suffer.
- Conservative central Switzerland remained forms nevertheless - above allthe canton Schwyz - the center of the “Neinsager “strengthens, which face all political and social opening tendencies sharply rejecting and helped with their in each case five ablehndenden condition voices with populars vote despite the small total population some Swiss federal collecting main to reject.
Web on the left of
|Wikinews: Central Switzerland- current message|