the Zepter (also Szepter becomes outdated, from Greek skeptron: Staff; skeptein: supports) is a part of the Krönungsinsignien. It is usually richly verziert a inch-long staff made of valuable metal, at jewels. It is the symbol of the lay power of the ruler and carried from emperors and kings, later also from princes.
With the coronation/culmination of the Roman-German emperor the Zepter was in front-carried by the ore treasurer. Similarly to it the national treasurer carried the Zepter of the ore duchy Austria with a Erbhuldigung in front.
In Poland the Berło is - one of a controversy piston and/or. Morning star derived Insigne, which like a Zepter is held - traditionally the symbol of the highest military ranks. Today it is the symbol of the marshals of Poland.
Also the president of the Ukraine receives the Bulawa (Булава) during its office introduction beside an office chain, which is still considered there as important power symbol.
Office staffs derived from controversy pistons (ceremonial maces) are also in the British parliament system and in angloamerikanischen universities in use.
A characteristic represents France : The French king led two Zepter with itself: a man-high and a short, that into a hand turn into as symbol for the justice („Main de justice “). In a painting of Francois Gérard from the year 1805 is an appropriate representation of Napoléon Bonaparte in the Krönungsornat.
A cobalt-blue Zepter is the Signet of the royal porcelain Manufaktur Berlin; it is on each product of this steeped in tradition Manufaktur.
Szepter are a rare crystalline form, whereby at different time a later generation on (often idiomorphen) crystals normally grown formed. They result from fast growth and/or. by abrupt abort of growth. The second crystal forms at lower temperature.