In order to draw this sharp separation between civilians and Kombattanten, it is forbidden to civilians participating in fighting. If a civilian does this nevertheless, then he is called partisan and can be condemned as war criminals. Stands for it nevertheless - just like other Nichtkombattanten- the right to self-defense too.
In times of peace one speaks of the civilian population as „the civil population “, who does not have a technical training relevant in the discussed connection. „Civilian clothes “mean here as much as „specializedstrange “. Thus one speaks for example also of „the clergyman with civilian profession “for a clergyman in addition to the regular duties.