Zrenjanin

the center with the catholic church

Zrenjanin (kyrill.: Зрењанин) (dt.: Grossbetschkerek) is a city in Serbia. It is the eight-largest city of Serbia and the third biggest in the Vojvodina after Novi Sad and Subotica. Zrenjanin has 132,051 inhabitants (with suburbs), and/or 81,000 inhabitants (actual city). It is the largest city of the Serbian region Banat and at the same time administrative seat of the Mittelbanater of district (Srednji Banat, Средње - Банатскиокруг), which counts 208,456 inhabitants.

Particularly is Zrenjanin admits Koča Kolarov by the youth choir.

Lage von Zrenjanin in Serbien
To situation of Zrenjanin in Serbia


table of contents

history

Zrenjanin the first time in a papal bull of 1326 one mentions, however under the old name Bečkerek. At that time it belonged to Hungary. During the having citizens it got the name Veliki Bečkerek, on German Grossbetschkerek and on Hungarian Nagybecskerek. The city should carry this name as far as 1935. Afterwards it took Peter I. after the Yugoslav king. the name Petrovgrad on. The today's name it carries after Žarko Zrenjanin, for a local partisan fighter in 2. World war.

The origin of the old designation Bečkerek is not clarified until today. Some Ethnologen want to derive the name from the Petschenegen. Other wise on the Hungarian noble Imre Becsei, which around 1311 larger possessions in the Banat had, among them the localities Bečkerek and Novi Bečej. When the Serbian prince Stefan Lazarević the sovereignty of the Hungarian king recognized 1402, it got and others the province Torontal with Bečkerek as Lehen. The Osmanen conquered the Hungarian Bečkerek 1551 and prevailed afterwards 165 years over the city. 1718 came the city under the rule of the having citizens. These operated a colonizing of the again conquered areas, and after Bečkerek mainly Banater Swabia , in addition, Frenchman , Italian, Romanian , Slowaken and Spaniard came beside Serbs and Hungary. From 1850 to 1860 belonged Bečkerek to the crowning country Woiwodenschaft Serbia and Temesvarer Banat, in order after 1860 again Hungary to be attached.

With the end of the 1. World war 1918 the Vojvodina was proclaimed and their combination with the Kingdom of Serbia, and so Bečkerek became part of Serbia and Yugoslavia. With the decay of communist Yugoslavia 1991 several cities in Serbia got, after that the 2. World war after Yugoslav communists, their old designations were designated back. In Zrenjanin, before times Bečkerek and Petrovgrad, 1992 a popular vote over the names of the city were organized. All three historical designations, the majority were available decided for the retention of Zrenjanin.

twin cities

see also

Muzlja

Web on the left of



coordinates: 45° 22 ' 40 " N, 20° 23 ' 10 " O

 

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