Course point


course point

the course point of the west (Lermoos) out seen
height: 2.962, 06 meters
situation: Germany (Bavaria), Austria (Tirol)
mountains: Northern lime alps (weather stone mountains)
Coordinates:
Coordinates: 47° 25 ′ N, 10° 59 ′ O
47° 25 ′ N, 10° 59 ′ O
Erstbesteigung: 27. August 1820 of Josef Naus
Lightest route: By the pure valley to the Knorrhütte and over the flat to the summit see further dia.-look by Rainer Schachtschabel

The course point is with 2962 metersover the sea level the highest mountain of Germany.

Table of contents

situation and environment

the course pointbelonged to the weather stone mountains in the northern lime alps and is border mountain between Germany and Austria. The course point received their name by the many avalanche courses (avalanche lines) at the north foot at its steep rock slopes.

At the course pointed massif meet the weather stone main comb (border between Austria and Germany), thatPale comb and the Waxensteinkamm together. The massif carries two of the few German glaciers, that snow-far and that hell-valley-far.

On the course pointed plateau, course-pointed-flatly mentioned - itself gently coping end a truck field above the pure valley - of Germany is highest andonly glacier skiing area. The summit accommodates residents of Munich the house, a famous alpine association hut, and since more than hundred years a meteorological station, which among other things in the context of the GAW - program seizes climaticrelevant data.

The summit is with the Eibsee -Aerial ropeway, the Bavarian course pointed course (rack railway) or the animal oiler course pointed course attainable.

In addition the course point possesses of Germany high-altitude post office branch.

history

Der Zugspitzgipfel um 1900 mit dem Münchener Haus und der "Meteorologischen Hochstation"
of the course pointed summits around 1900 with Munich houses and the “meteorological water line”
Der Zugspitzgipfel 2004 mit moderner Bebauung
the course pointed summit 2004 alsomodern land development
Luftbild der Zugspitz-Gipfelstation
aerial photograph of the course pointed summit station
course-pointed-flatly and course point of the high mouth
summit of the animal oilers west flank from
view of the summit platform direction southwest
Zugspitzmassiv
course pointed massif

the course point 1590 were in particular mentioned for the first time. In a description of the border between that County rock and Austria is called it that selbige runs “from the Zugspiz and over the Derle in Derlers head, folgendts degrees through into the Loisachbrüg”. Even 200 years later the name was still so unknown that it in 1796 appeared“Travel Atlas was not mentioned by Baiern”. The native ones lived the high course pointed massif on the cattle breeding and on the wood trade, played neither economically nor routistic a role.

In 19. Century awaked finally the interest in a development of the massif. To 7. August 1807 started the first documented expedition from part churches toward course point: François Gabriel count von Bray, Präsident of the rain citizens Botani society, the Botaniker Kaspar count von Sternberg, professor Charles François Duval, major general pure hard Friedrich baron von Werneck and twelveNative one as leaders and carriers. A goal of the expedition was it to investigate the process as well as the temperature development part after up to its source at the western end of the pure valley to explore as well as the Botanik of the region. In count Brays report thatExpedition is mentioned however the course point, which must have seen the crew in scarcely four kilometers distance, with no word.

the Erstbesteigung

the second lieutenant Josef Naus mounted on behalf the royally Bairi topographic office as well as thatMeasuring assistants Maier and the mountain leader Joh. George Deutschl to 27. August 1820 most likely as first humans the course point. Possible also a vacant earlier mounting is by native ones.

To 7. January 1882 found the first winter mounting by F. Kilger, H. andJ. Zametzer and H. Schwaiger instead of.

meteorological water line

in the autumn 1898 began Kommerzienrat Adolf Wenz with planning for a meteorological observatory on the course point. The observatory was the result of preceding discussions of the meteorological central institute in Munichand the German and Austrian alpine association (DuÖAV). With the building 1899 were begun. To 19. July 1900 was handed over the observatory to the royal state government. The Meteoroligist, Bergsteiger and later Antarctic researchers Josef Enzensperger wintered 1900 than first observer on thatnew Wetterstation.

With a short interruption after end of war 1945 permanent, manned Wetterbeobachtungen on the course point take place since this time. The manned station is operated today by the DWD. Besides Austria operates an automatic, unmanned Wetterstation.

summit mounting

Steigeon the course point lead from mixing part churches by the hell valley, by the part-after-clammy with connection into the pure valley and from Ehrwald on the animal oilers side across the west flank. The shortest way goes from the Eibsee over the Viennese new place he hut and the AustrianSchneekar over one climbing-rise to the comb and then to the resident of Munich house.

The simplest route is the way by the part-after-clammy and the pure valley to course pointed flat and further on the summit (short insured passages in the summit range). Offer this waythe support hut, the pure valley meadow hut and the Knorrhütte rest possibilities. Depending upon condition 8 is - 10 hours into account to take.

A substantially fastidious way leads from hammer brook by the hell talc lamb to the hell valley meadow hut. Then further up to the valley conclusion, here one must overthe ladder and the board, a section with iron leaders and iron pins, which requires slip resistance and swindle liberty. Afterwards it goes over that hell-valley-far and on an insured climbing-continues to rise over the Irmerscharte on the course point. One must with a total time of7-8 hours count, whereby an overnight accomodation in the hell valley long hut is recommended.

On both ways 2,200 elevator meters are to be overcome, thus are the ascent also for trained one a challenge up to the summit of the course point.

A bergsteigerische challenge is the excessthe anniversary burr of the Alpspitze to the course point. But here it concerns not one climbing-rises itself around an high-alpine burr excess, with the climbing places in III. Degrees unsecured to master are. To the not practiced Kletterer is to be advised against of it urgently.

Work on []

Accurate height

long time varied the indicated height of the course point between 2960 and 2970 meters. The value 2962.06 m results from the newest measurements and by the Bavarian office for land surveying was in such a way confirmed. From this reason also the Lounge becomesthe new cafe on the course point “2962” is called.

strange

regarded from Austria is regarded the course point exactly 27 cm smaller than from Germany, there in Austria after the tri ester level, in the Federal Republic howeverafter the Amsterdamer level is measured.

literature

  • Hiebeler, tonuses: Course point - of the Erstbesteigung until today; Mosaic publishing house, Munich; 1979; ISBN 3-570-00651-4
  • bulkhead, Heinrich: The course point. Summit of the technology, triumphs and tragedies.; Süddt. Publishing house, Munich;1987;ISBN 3799163387
  • Wehrle, Charly: The pure valley - the old way to the course point; Panico alpine publishing house, Köngen (Germany); 2002; ISBN 3-936740-01-1
  • Ulrich Doenike: On the course point. A mountain is defeated. In: P.M. History 02/2004

Web on the left of

Commons: Course point- Pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)