|homepage of the city Zutphen|
Zutphen [ˈzʏtfə] is a municipality in the province funds country (the Netherlands). It covers the city of same name and the village Warnsveld, that which was because of the eastern sideto a suburb Zutphens developed. The municipality has about 47,000 inhabitants.
Table of contents
situation and economics
25 kilometers northeast from Arnheim convenient, flowhere the Berkel into the IJssel. The city has a station at the line Zwolle - Deventer - Arnheim - duke shrubs. Also courses operate after Lochem, Hengelo (O), Winterswijk and Apeldoorn.
Zutphen is a supraregional edukatives and justitielles center (alsoPrison). The city has also a large psychiatric hospital.
Zutphen possesses a larger industrial estate west the city, at the river, with a small inland port. There is among other things printering and publisher trade and the metallurgy of importance.
sons and daughters of the city
- Willem January Holsboer, Founders of the Rhäti course.
- Joop Westerweel, Netherlands Pazifist and teacher. Founder of the group of Westerweel.
- Heinrich of Zütphen, Prior and Reformator
the city Zutphen existed already in the Roman time. It was a Frankish settlement, and it becamean administrative centre of a hamaländischen county in the Karolingerzeit. Briefly after 882, when the Wikinger out-robbed the settlement at that time, 10 hectares a large ring whale castle was put on. In the middle of 11. Century became on behalf the emperor Heinrich III. a 54 meters long imperial palace built at the count yard, andthe gentleman of the city, realm bishop Bernold von Utrecht new since 1046, created and built a new chapter church, the today's pc. Walburgiskirche. The city already was in the 11. Century of importance (among other things Minting) and was a Handelskonkurrentin of Deventer, that only 15 km IJsselabwärtslies. Them were also since that 13. Century member of the Hanse and had trade relations in England, Flanders, Denmark, in the Baltic Sea cities and in the Baltic. Zutphen was long in the Middle Ages a time the capital of a Netherlands county of same name (9. to 11. Century a county toIJsselfluss (Iselgo, Islo); since that 12. Century as “county Zutphen” suggested). This county was since 1138 part of the duchy funds.
The eighty-year old war gave much misery to Zutphen. To 10. June 1572 was conquered those up to then predominantly still catholic city by the Protestanten, thosedrove a picture storm immediately. Only five months later, to 8. It the troops of the duke of Alba conquered November again for the catholic Spaniards back. A massacre was arranged: About 800 men in Zutphen were killed. Moritz of Nassau conquered Zutphen in the year 1591finally for the Netherlands back.
Since that time Zutphen is a provincial town, the gate to the Netherlands border region Achterhoek. In 19. Century became the industry of importance, when Zutphen had received a railway connection with Amsterdam and Arnheim.
The IJsselbrücken was 1940 and 1945 scene of violent fights in The Second World War. Also the city center suffered thereby heavy damage. In the last years 20. Of century south the town centre expanded new building quarters developed.
Developmentthe number of inhabitants (1. January):
- 900 - 500
- 1150 - 1,000
- 1200 - 1,500
- 1300 - 6,000
- 1450 - 4,500
- 1550 - 4,500
- 1600 - 2,000
- 1650 - 7,000
- 1795 - 7,500
- 1830 - 10,000
- 1860 - 15,500
- 1900 - 17,500
- 1940 - 20,500
- 1960 - 25,000
- 1970 - 27,000
- 1980 - 31,767
- 1990 - 30,996
- 2000 - 35,165
- 2003 - 36,696
- 2005 - 46,219, inclusively Warnsveld
- 2006 - 47,000
partnerships between cities
partner municipalities are:
- Horstmar in the cathedral country, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
- Tartu, Estonia
- Satu Mare, Romania
- Shrewsbury, England.
objects of interest
the city center of the Hanseatic city Zutphen, whose silhouette is coined/shaped by many towers, and possess many historical buildings are very worth seeing, under it the medieval large pc. Walburgiskirche. The collection of the historical library (Librije) of this church consists of chained books of the years 1450-1600. A ruin of the Berkeltores (around 1320) spans the river of the same name in a city park. Further see-worthy buildings: Drogenapstor (1444), Bourgonjeturm (1457), wine house tower (1618-1642), Dominikanerkirche (1300), Neustatdskirche (1250-1530), about 300 houses from that 13. - 16. Century.The city museum (Stedelijk museum Zutphen) has often very remarkable drawing of a bill.
Web on the left of
Aalten | Apeldoorn | Arnheim | Barneveld | Berkelland | Beuningen | Bronckhorst | Hum | Buren | Culemborg | Doesburg | Doetinchem | Druten | Duiven | Ede | Elburg | Epe | Ermelo | Geldermalsen | Groenlo Lichtenvoorde | Groesbeek | Harderwijk | Hattem | Heerde | Heumen | Lingewaal | Lingewaard | Lochem | Maasdriel | Milli gene on the Rhine | Montferland | Neder Betuwe | Neerijnen | Nijkerk | Nimwegen | Nunspeet | Oldebroek | Oude IJsselstreek | Overbetuwe | Deseam | Renkum | Rheden | Rijnwaarden | Rozendaal | Scherpenzeel | Tiel | Ubbergen | Voorst | Wageningen | West Maas and Waal | Westervoort | Wijchen | Winterswijk | Zaltbommel | Zevenaar | Zutphen