Incident at the Marco Polo bridge

the incident at the Marco Polo bridge to 7. July 1937 led to the beginning of the second Japanese-Chinese war. Japanese and Chinese soldiers supplied themselves with 15 kilometers southwest from the Pekinger town centre at the Marco Polo bridge (also Lugou Qiao after the Chinese designation) over the Yongding - to river on this day a fire fight.

In Japan the incident under the name is Roko bridge affair (jap. 盧溝橋事件, Rokokyo jiken) or Roko bridge incident (jap. 盧溝橋事変, Rokokyo jihen) admits.

In China become the designations incident 7. July (chin. 七七事變, pinyin qī qī shì biàn) and Lugouqiao incident (chin. 蘆溝橋事變, pinyin lú gōu qiáo shì biàn) uses.

process

Chinese soldiers defend the bridge

trips for the incident was that the Guandong army, which was responsible to one of its soldiers for numerous incidents with the Chinese army, missed and into the Chinese garrison town of Wanping required inlet or this militarily would procure itself. This knows the Kuomintang - administration of the city however back.

As with military incidents both sides, the first shot so often accused themselves of to have then delivered. Fact is that the Japanese fought for with military means the entrance. After an ultimatum the artillery Wanping fired at 8 starting from midnight . July and Japanese tanks advanced over the bridge. With advanced support the Chinese could back-conquer the bridge on the next day completely. Thereupon the Japanese side offered negotiations.

The missed soldier dipped two days after the loss message and the Japanese set the Chinese side of it into knowledge. The Chinese assumed the action was considered now as finally. The Japanese did not commit themselves to conquer Peking and Tianjin, if the Kuomintang committed itself to the following measures:

  • The Kuomintang had to prevent all anti-Japanese movements and organizations
  • the Kuomintang had the full responsibility for the incident to take
  • Song Zheyuan, commander of the 29. Army, which defended the region, had to apologize personally

the negotiating general of the 38. Division Zhang Zizong explained itself ready for the first two points, did not want to decide however not for Song and left. Thereupon the Japanese opened an attack on Peking, for which the Chinese defenders did not have to set anything against. To 29. July capitulated Peking and one day of late Tianjin.

effects

museum of the anti-Japanese war

the Japanese continued their advance of the north and the south in China and also the national government under Chiang dock shek explained to 7. August the Japanese the war.

A provocation is not to be excluded, however is considered improbable. In the opinion of historians was it only one question of the time to itself in this region such an incident occurred, because both Chinese and Japanese troops were stationed there at the same time.

At the place of the incident a museum was established, which describes the war from the aspect of the communist party.

 

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