Wikipedia she is one of free content cradle in wiki, that allows the edition of its contents on the part of any user from . The contents that present/display are free with respect to their use and to its edition. Wikipedia is multilingual and it is developed thanks to the collaborations of tens of of thousand volunteers worldwide and in their respective ones . Wikipedia stays and it is administered through the foundation without profit spirit Wikimedia. In May of 2005, Wikipedia reached in its version in English than more average million encyclopedic articles and more of a million articles in other languages.
Table of contents
Main article: History of Wikipedia
The Wikipedia was created like an alternative a , a project of free encyclopedia also founded by Jimmy Wales. Wikipedia began like a project in English of , from which other parallel projects in other languages began to arise gradually.
of 2004 the Wikipedia reached a million articles in 105 languages and successfully obtained a considerable attention on the part of mass media. The article "a million" was published in Hebrew with the subject of the official standard of Kazajstán.
Wikipedia in Castilian (well-known like Wikipedia in Spanish) it exists from of , and counts at the moment on -1 articles, which locates it between the ten greater Wikipedias.
Three essential characteristics of the Wikipedia project exist that define their function jointly in Web:
- She is one , understood like support that allows the compilation, the storage and the transmission of the information of structured form.
- It is wiki, reason why, with small exceptions, it can be published by anyone.
- It is of and uses the license GFDL.
Languages in which it is published
Even March of 2005, Wikipedia it includes 92 "active" editions in different languages. The five editions with more articles are, in descendent order, English, German, French, Japanese and Pole . Altogether, Wikipedia it contains 205 editions of languages in several states, that add 1.9 million articles.
Each edition works of independent form. The editions are not forced to have the edition content in other languages, and they only must respect global policies like maintaining a "point of view neutral". Nevertheless, some articles and images share between diverse editions of Wikipedia, asking for edition organized article translations in other languages, or through repositorio of Wikimedia Commons. The translated articles only represent a small part of articles of any edition.
The following one is a list of fifteen greater editions, ordered by number of articles to date of September of 2005.
- English (741.101)
- German (292.777)
- French (166.902)
- Japanese (142.829)
- Pole (1.114.014)
- Italian (111.372)
- Swedish (106.531)
- Dutch (95.860)
- Portuguese (76.495)
- Spanish (-1)
- Chinese (41.052)
- Norwegian (36.535)
- Danish (32.961)
- Finn (32.939)
- Russian (32.849)
A constant problem in this encyclopedia is vandalism that it is put under. The vandalism is unsuitable or offensive modifications to the articles of the encyclopedia, that obstruct the development of the project.
In spite of the serious problem that this pretends at first, the vandalism in general does not prosper. Since most of the public of Wikipedia has good intentions and that, therefore, the vandalisms are minority between daily editions, these rare time they are able to remain without being erased or being reverted for a long time.
The vandalism is an act of bad intention and of such form, this cannot be used in our system, otherwise the vandalic IP will be blocked.
The participants of Wikipedia often follow and defend a reduced number of basic policies.
- Due to the diversity and number of participants and ideologies, originating of all parts of the world, Wikipedia it tries to construct its articles of the possible most exhaustive form. The objective is not to write articles from an only objective point of view, but to openly present/display each position on a certain subject.
- They follow a number of conventions with respect to the article appointment, deciding preferredly on the version more commonly used in its respective language.
- The discussions about the content and edition of an article happen in the discussion pages and not on the same article.
- They exist a number of subjects that are excluded from Wikipedia not to constitute encyclopedic articles strictly speaking. For example, Wikipedia does not contain definitions of dictionary (like verbs, adjectives, etc.), that can be in .
Neutrality of contents
It is common that some people see in certain form victims by political alignments or points of view who contrast or hit against their formed opinions. That is the reason by which Wikipedia grows thanks to the effort to maintain a neutrality in the knowledge.
Since it is impossible that the knowledge is absolute and neutral in some articles, the personal pride to a side to give to passage to the Wikipedia project allowing the freedom of a thought must be let.
It is important to know and to know that nobody he is owner of no article exposed in Wikipedia.
Wikipedia is being published by thousands of people around the world. The people who publish Wikipedia are known like .
Restrictions of access
In September of 2004, Reporters without borders it informed that wikipedia was blocked by Continental China, being impossible to consult it. In December of the same year, it was unblocked, although the 18 of October of 2005 the access to Wikipedia was prevented again.