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This article forms part of the series
Five pillars
The prayer -
Holy Cities
- Médine
Events and festivals
Aïd to el-Kebir -
Achoura - Arbaïn
Religious constructions
Mihrab - Qibla
Muezzin - - Mollah
Ayatollah - Mufti
Texts and laws
- -
- Fiqh - Fatwa
- Hisba
Alevism -
Hanafism - Malekism
Chafeism - Hanbalism
- Salafism
Duodécimains - Ismaelism
Motazilism - Druses
Acharism -

Achoura (? [ will `a?ara ], ten, from where??????? [ `???r?' ], ten of the month of muharram) is one religious of.

In the sunnism

Instituted by , before the introduction of the fast of , it acts one period of two days fast, whose second, the 10 mouharram, gave the name to the event: being said number 10???? [ will `a?ara ] in . This fast coincided with one day of fast and Mahomet also extended to the 9 to prevent that a Moslem and a Jew can be confused.

What commemorates Achoura is variable, according to taken into account: the accosting of Moïse, Noah's Ark in fire, Adam leaving the terrestrial paradise. Since the introduction of the fast of the Ramadan, a few years after, this fast became optional and the festival is today the pretext at two feastdays in the world .

In the Shiism

With this initial significance, preserved in the fast which is maintained, it added there the commemoration the massacre of Husayn and of 72 of its partisans by . It takes place the 10E day of the Moslem month of mouharram and mourning continues 40 days untilArbaïn.

It is with in Iraq that place has the principal pilgrimage. Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims, vêtus of white, are mortified in public to blood. The white is the color of mourning, but it was also the color of Omeyyades, the black was that of , allied at least at the beginning, of against Omeyyades.


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