Reasoned agriculture


reasoned agriculture is an agricultural system of production whose objective first is to optimize the economic result by maitrisant the quantities of inputs, and in particular the chemical substances used (, ) with an aim of limiting their impact on.

The concept was born from a joint step of FNSEA, offood industry, ofagro-pharmaceutical industry and of great distribution

The expression is rather ambiguous because it implies that them farmers traditional would be deprived of good direction. Reasoned agriculture proposes the concept of ceiling of effectiveness: beyond a certain threshold, the means put in?uvre are not profitable any more. The little of rendement/surface gained is more expensive in economic and ecological term which it does not report.

Thus, although careful as regards use ofinputs, reasoned agriculture admits the use of the majority of the techniques ofagriculture productivist : artificial fertilisers, energy foods for the animals, selection plants and animals to improve their performances, plant health products of synthesis for the protection of the plants and for the animals. But it integrates them within a framework of total management of fascinating of account the whole of the environment physical, social, economic, as well as biological specificities of the territory.

In France, reasoned agriculture is promoted by the group FARRE, Forum of the respectful reasoned agriculture of the environment, which affirms its competitiveness vis-a-vis with, while underlining the environmental benefit which accompany it.

Associations comparable with FARRE exist in six European countries. They gathered within the EISA (European Initiative for Sustainable development in Agriculture), but there is not European common legislation on this subject.

It profits, in , of an official framework in the shape of a schedule of conditions adopted by the higher Council of orientation and coordination of the agricultural and food economics (CSO) in May 2002. This reference frame includes/understands 98 criteria referring itself to all the aspects of a total management: formation, traceability, management of waste, occupational safety, fertilization and crop protection, health and wellbeing of the animals, biodiversity, etc. They leave a certain freedom of appreciation to the farmer, in a philosophy of responsibility and reasonable management which characterizes this type of agriculture. These restrictions more limited much than those imposed on, attracts of this fact of many farmers who can thus satisfy the request for certification of their customers without modifying their methods deeply.

The opponents with this type of agriculture stress that this one can hardly claim to be classified like bearable agriculture, but hope that the sensitizing of the farmers to the environmental aspects will push them to turn thereafter to biological agriculture.

External bond

FARRE, official site

 

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