New Academy indicate the revival of under the direction of and of its successors. It is difficult to distinguish it from :
- It is an old question extremely discussed among the Greek writers that that to know if there is a difference between the New Academy and the pyrrhonism
, Nights Attics, XI, 5
It is also difficult to determine the number of the periods of the history of the Academy. The old ones distinguished sometimes five academies (cf Sextus Empiricus, Esq.Pyr. I, 220):
(Academica, I, XII, 46) distinguish only two from them: that of Plato and that of Arcésilas, it and the News. According to him, the Old Academy did not add anything to teaching Plato, and was restricted to expose its philosophy according to a division in three parts indicated by the Master.
The revival of the Academy is a kind of revolution: the completed character of the Platonic?uvre is called into question, and must again be required. This spirit of research would be close to Plato of the dialogues aporetic if it were actually much further declaring only one would never find truth. The New Academy, under the impulse of Arcésilas, is also a return to the dialectical one and with the conscience of the ignorance which allows critical freedom.
For this last reason, the New Academy could be regarded as a continuation legitimates the old one, in spite of the strong skepticism which makes that it is not always obvious to distinguish between an academician and a skeptic.
Some texts (cf ) refers to a teaching esoteric of the New Academy. Initiation with the dogmas of the Master would have been reserved for an elite of disciples. However if it is considered that Cicéron made a spirit skeptic, one understands that actually one wrongly allotted to the Old Academy the skepticism of the news.
Moreover, always according to Cicéron, teaching was made according to the reason, i.e. the professors avoided letting appear their thoughts so that their disciples do not follow the authority (C ratione potius quam auctoritate ducantur).
Philosophers of the New Academy
- (-316 to -241)
- Aridices of Rhodos
- Ecdémos or Edélos
- Lacydes, successor of Arcésilas in 240 (works: Philosophized and Peri phuseos)
- Aristippe de Cyrène
- Téléclès and Evandre, phocéens, successors of Lacydes
- Hégésinus (or Hégésilaus), successor of Evandre, Master of Carnéade
- (-215 to -129)
- Mélanthius of Rhodos
- Eschine of Naples
- Hagnon of Rhodos
- Zénon of Rhodos
- Zénodore and Agasiclès de Tyr
- Bataces and Corydallus d' Amise
- Biton de Soles
- Asclépiade d' Apamée
- Olympiodore of Gaza
- Hipparchus de Soles
- Sosicrat of Alexandria
- Calliclès de Larisse
- Carnéade, wire of Polémarchus?
- Cratès of Tarsus?
- Clitomaque de Carthage (-187 to -110), the most probable successor of Carnéade
- Métrodore de Scepsis
- Métrodore de Stratonice
- Philon de Larisse (v. -148/150 to -85/77) disciple of Clitomaque
- (death in -69)
- Other academicians:
- two Eubulus
- Agamestor or Agapestor
- Evandre of Athens
- Boéthus (disciple of Aristippe de Cyrène)
- , The Academic ones
- , Against the Academicians
The New Academy