AJS

Stevens is the mark name of deduction from public service pension to allow for simultaneous payment of $AOW engines and of gebroeders of stevens. This name change later in AJS and Stevens. Also engine block-systems under the name became Ajax produced.

Contents

Stevens engine Manufacturing Company

De eerste stapjes op motorfietsgebied van Harry Stevens: een Mitchell-blokje in een AJS-fietsframe, gebouwd in 1899.
The first steps in the engine bicycle field of Harry stevens: a mitchell cube built in Ajs-fietsframe, in 1899.
Stevens advertentie voor een motorfietsblok uit 1904. Het merk heette toen nog niet AJS
Stevens advertisement for an engine bicycle block-system from 1904. The mark was then not yet called AJS
Een AJS "Motette" tricycle uit 1903 met Fred Adey als rijder en Harry Stevens als passagier
AJS "Motette" tricycle from 1903 with Fred Adey as of the and Harry stevens as a passenger
De AJS Model D uit 1915 heeft het "AJS Scientific Frame", dat uitsluitend uit rechte buizen bestond
THE AJS model d from 1915 have the "AJS Scientific frame", which fails exclusively from straight existed
The Graiseley Hill Works
The Graiseley Hill Works
AJS S3 500 cc uit 1931
AJS S3, 500 cc from 1931
In de jaren dertig gingen de motoren en motorblokken van AJS en Matchless erg op elkaar lijken. Dit is het blok van de AJS 25/2 uit 1935...
In the years thirty the engines and engine block-systems of AJS and Matchless went up terrible each other to seem. This is the block-system of the AJS 25/2 from 1935...
...en dit is het blok van de Matchless Model X uit 1936
...and this is the block-system of the Matchless model X from 1936

Stevens engine Manufacturing Company, stevens Brothers Ltd., Wolverhampton (-).

Joseph stevens Sr. worked as from as independent blacksmith in cross Street in Wolverhampton. Its company was called j. Stevens co. Its oldest zoon came help Harry in later years in the company, which to Tempest Street (dense at the centre of Wolverhampton) moved. Zoon also third Joseph Jr. joined yourself at them. Joseph bought Mitchell - to operate machines in the company. This block-system was however very onbetrouwbaar. Harry improved the engine and already rapidly came of it its own production motorblokjes. In built Harry such motortje in BSA- bicycle frame. In the same year the two brothers aimed stevens engine Mfg. Co. on. William Clarke of the firma Wearwell engine Carriage co. Ltd. touched interested. He had established its own company in Pountney Street. For Wearwell-fietsen became j. Stevens co. already spaken, crap and wreck provided. Clarke closed a contract with gebroeders stevens for the supply of a fixed number deduction from public service pension to allow for simultaneous payment of $AOW engines per week. Thus the mark arose wearwell wearwell-Stevens..

In produced the brotherbrother brothers themselves their first complete engine bicycle, which was driven by their zus Lily by the streets of Wolverhampton. Also the "Motette" appeared tricycle. In moved stevens MMC to Pelham Street. There a large production of engine block-systems, among other things of aid engines for wearwell wearwell-Stevens arose.

In strongly walked back sale of engine bicycles, but thanks to the production of to crap and wreck at the stevens Screw co. survived the company. Gebroeders used this period to develop new engine block-systems, but three of them job had nevertheless take to be able pay the creditors. The sales at Wearwell ran fortunately still reasonable with the production of Wolf- ¸ ÿ ¿ engine bicycles. Now also frames for wearwell wearwell-Stevens were produced and also the mark Clyno ordered stevens-motorblokkenstevens-motorblokken stevens-motorblokken. In stevens had grown from the pand. One moved to Retreat Street and Clyno drew in the old stevens-pandstevens-pand stevens-pand. The pand in Retreat Street lay compared with stevens Screw Company Limited. Meanwhile the control of the engine bicycle factory had been extended with the brothers George and jacket. The initialen of jacket (the some with two Christian planned themselves: Albert John) were used for the name of the firma: AJS. With will produce now on larger scale engine bicycles.

A.J.Stevens & co (AJS)

A. J. Stevens & co., Wolverhampton (-)

As from 14 November 1909 was called AJS the company official. The directors were four gebroeders of stevens: Albert John (jacket), George, Joe jr. and Harry. The frames were still made in Pelham Street, but then Clyno there its residence took moved complete production to Retreat Street. Unfortunately went in the same year Wearwell bankrupt, what the loss of an important customer meant. Jacket devised the first engine bicycle for Sunbeam and used the money for development of two Ajs-modellen: model a and b. In followed the model d, 5 pk V-twin.

AJS 38/26 (350 cc) wegracer uit 1938
AJS 38/26 (350 cc) wegracer from 1938

After successes in the TT van Man were sold also sport-loving models in large numbers and also the question to Ajs-zijspannen were hardly at legs. The beginning capital of 1.000 Pond had already increased in 1914, to 50.000 Pond. To gather money for new developments it "Public Company" had now become with the name a.J. Stevens & co. (1914) Limited. The Executive Board was extended with e. E. Lamb and e. L. Morcom. AJS started to a beautiful future. Already in 1914, a piece ground was bought on Graiseley Hill, where a large new factory would be put down. threw however fumagine in eating. War production was twisted, but existing models was nevertheless improved and new was developed. There was however shortage to material as a result of which the model b to after the war from production went. Also the petrol became sparingly and therefore expensive. On the test banks the engines twisted now on stadsgas. Production for civil target ends was prohibited, but AJS got an order for 1.100 military machines for army. One moved in 1916, nevertheless to Graiseley Hill. In devised Harry stevens a new repeating model with a head flap engine with the intention Tt-succes from 1914. In the years twenty with much success machines doorontwikkeld and new were introduced. Were by the large beurskrach also a bad year for AJS. In February went Clyno bankrupt. AJS had made car coachwork for this company. To keep the production line going one himself decided AJS were taken over by gebroeders of collier and to London moves, where own mark also their were built. Matchless - and Ajs-modellen became mainly identically (to see also Badge engineering). A new adoption Dennis Poore of the Manganeze Bronze holdings spent AJS and Matchless in AMC- parcel and production went to Andover (Hampshire). Meanwhile became there still only 250 cc trial and cross made. Although at this moment none Ajs-en are made, is the name still property of NVT. One imports engine bicycles and started George, jacket, Harry, Joe jr. and youngest brother William (Billy) with a group unpaid volunteers here again to produce. The first product was a three-wheeled establishment car, the ' stevens Light commercial Vehicle '. Under the name Ajax engine block-systems were also made E. C. Humphries of OKAY Supreme and for . Joe jr. and jacket left to the new bedrijfje however already fast, because one could maintain no five directors. In one will produce again engine bicycles. There were still what Ajs-onderdelen and machines could be no longer used by Matchless left behind, but the name AJS. Harry developed 250 cc by. These were sold as stevens d.S. 1 and stevens you.S. 2. There was produced in small serials: the establishment cars in serials of 6 and the engine bicycles in serials of 12. One must have sold firstly a serial to have money for the production of the next serial. In approximately four years of age reached 1.000 machines produced. During plane components were made. The company stevens Brothers existed to , then jacket died. Stevens included Screw Company just the poorten.

Hayward and Graiseley zijspannen

AJS Model D zijspancombinatie uit 1915
AJS model d they attachment combination from 1915
De zijspanfabriek in Lower Walsall Street in Wolverhampton was eigendom van AJS, maar droeg de naam van oprichter Charles William Hayward
The they attachment factory in Lower Walsall Street in Wolverhampton was property of AJS, but carried the name of oprichter Charles William Hayward

In ended up the AJS model d with they attachment. This they attachment had been produced by Charles William Hayward. These produced already zijspannen for o.a. Sunbeam. They stood well confessed and also AJS will use these zijspannen. The model d with they attachment became a large success. In 1915, the "Sociable" followed, with two zitplaatsen in the they attachment. The person who could the dense at the engine zat control these from the they attachment.

Joe stevens Jr.s woman Sarah Ann died in 1906. Later he married with Hayward's mother, so that Charles William Hayward its stiefzoon became. In took AJS the company of Hayward concerning, although the firmanaam c. W. Hayward remained. The they attachment department had initially established in former Briton- car factory in Stewart Street. Then Briton - meanwhile in Lower Walsall Street established - bankruptcy went Hayward took over pand also this. To the small cars round on the market came ran salesale sale sticking out. In left Hayward the company, but the zijspannen continued carry its name. Joe stevens Jr. director of the they attachment factory became. In changed the name of the zijspannen in "Graiseley", but Ajs-fabriek. With the bankruptcy of AJS in 1931, also the production of zijspannen finished. The mark name Graiseley became Diamond taken over in Sedgley Street. This firma used the name for their zijspannen, trailers and caravanchassis.

AJS cars

Het logo voor de AJS-auto's werd ontworpen door de dochter van Arthur G. Booth, die de auto's zelf ontwierp.
The logo for Ajs-auto's were devised by for the of Arthur g. Booth, which devised the cars themselves.
Folder voor de AJS Twelve uit 1932. De productie vond plaats bij Willys-Overland.
Folder for the AJS Twelve from 1932. Production took place at Willys-Overland.

In the summer of closed AJS a contract with Clyno for the production of carrosseriën. This was exact the moment engine sales had collapsed. When Clyno took on however the competition with the Morris Minor and ow tin Seven went it wrong. The Clyno Century gave a bad name to the mark and even got the nickname "Cemetry" (church court). Clyno went in bankrupt. That arrived at AJS: the engine bicycles and the radios sold also already bad. Arthur g. Booth (bijgenaamd The General and designer of the Clyno Nine-auto) devised the small AJS Nine-auto those became to provide with a coventry climax four cylinder engine. The car was presented in November 1930 in three versions and initial was well sold but was on the expensive side.For this reason one entered themselves produce engine block-systems. Unfortunately end also struck 1931 the depression at AJS. In were sold the design to Willys-Overland Crossley Ltd. or Heaton Chapel. This firma produced the car further such as "New AJS Nine". Also Willys-Overland went however already fast bankruptcy.

AJS buses

AJS Pilot
AJS pilot

The first AJS bus chassis, "pilot" were produced in February 1929, then the carrossie contract with Clyno was concluded. With some an exception the production of bus coachwork was boarded to specialised companies. In 1930, Pilot-chassis were adapted to the new Road Traffic act, a law which among other things minimum space is based on between prescribed. There still a another model, the "Commodore" followed, but then AJS in 1931 bankruptcy, went of course also the production of buses finished.

AJS radios

Advertentie voor de AJS "wireless receiver" uit 1923
Advertisement for the AJS "wireless receiver" from 1923

Harry stevens were already for an enthusiastic amateur radio enthusiast. During the war he had hand in be equipment, but he built be own equipment with which he with its brother Joe Jr. (to the other end of the street) communicated. In the early years twenty he decided will produce radios. On 27 April 1922 from Ajs-fabriek were given the concert and radio demonstration. In Lower Walsall Street became bldg. bijgebouwd for radio production. One produced a lot of models, among which also radio pieces of furniture and ear-phones. Because radio-verkopen were the season-tied one produced also straalkacheltje that one could roll over to make a kooktoestel there. Round started the prices of radios decrease and AJS had switch over on mass production. Women were especially used for this work, because one went of that them preciezer worked then men.

Unfortunately the dream of Harry stevens would not be confirmed. The recession came, and stevens produced no radios for the lighting system, but only battery apparatuss. Large investments would be necessary to the competition withstand. In 1928, the radio factory was sold to the Symphony Gramophone and radio Company.

Sneer - and nicknames for the mark AJS

Een late AJS, deze Stormer 250 crossmotor uit 1975. Hij werd in Nederland niet gebruikt
Late AJS, these Stormer 250 crossmotor from 1975. He was not used in the Netherlands
  • AJS (commonly): All Jesus fast, Ajay (to the name giver, A.J. Stevens)
  • AJS 350 and 500 cc models: Plumstead tamping-bar (since just like Matchless to Amc-concern in Plumstead belonged AJS)

External left

AJS Motorcycles

Ajs-Matchless association the Netherlands

Jam jar.com (Ajs-Matchles Owners club UK)

 

  > Dutch to English > nl.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)