Salmeron made its studies of graduation in electric engineering in Polytechnical school of the USP e in physics in (also known as University of Brazil). Of 1947 the 1950, it worked as researcher and instructor in the Polytechnical School and the department of physics of the College of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of USP, in which it studied cosmic radiations under the guardianship of the Italian physicists Gleb Wataghin e Giuseppe Occhialini. Of 1950 the 1953, Salmeron worked in then the recently bred one Brazilian center of Physical Research, CBPF, in . In and in Rio De Janeiro, Salmeron was contemporary of the generation of young Brazilian physical brilliants, as , Jose Lopes Milk, Oscar Room, , Marcelo Damy de Souza Saints e Jayme Tiomno.
Of 1953 in ahead, Salmeron lived in , first making its Ph.D. of 1953 the 1955 in University of Manchester, under the guardianship of Patrick Blackett, prize , and then as researcher associated of European center of Nuclear Research (CERN), in , , of 1955 the 1963.
In 1963, Salmeron returned to and accepted the chair of professor of Physics of then just created . Unhappyly, military dictatorship it strong restrained the liberal movements and leftist that occurred in the university and it then it was joined others 223 professors in protest, who had left the university in October of 1965.
In 1966 Salmeron Brazil left definitively and was to work again in the CERN, the invitation of its director, where it had important participation in experiments with the purpose to discover plasma quark-gluon. Since 1967, Salmeron is professor of École Polytechnique in , France, one of the most important schools of engineering of the world.